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Table 7 Tobit Regression Results for the Effect of Poor People Health Insurance Program on the Duration of Hospitalization

From: Effect of health insurance program for the poor on out-of-pocket inpatient care cost in India: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey

Duration of Hospitalization Coefficient 95% CI P value
Public Health Insurance for the Poor
 Not enrolled (Reference)
  Enrolled 0.44 −0.47 - 1.35 0.346
Social Group
 Other Backward Classes (Reference)
  Scheduled Tribes −1.20 −2.21 – 0.20 0.019
  Scheduled Castes −0.08 −1.07 – 0.90 0.870
  Others −0.56 −1.72 – 0.60 0.344
Chronic Illness
 No Chronic illness (Reference)
  Chronic Illness 3.15 1.96–4.33 < 0.001
Household Type
 Self-employed (Reference)
  Regular wage/Salary earning 0.38 −0.72 - 1.48 0.497
   Casual labor 0.45 −0.34 - 1.26 0.263
   Others −0.03 −2.02 - 1.92 0.970
Age Groups
 0 to 18 years (Reference)
  19 to 40 years −0.90 −1.87 - 0.05 0.065
   41 to 60 years 1.08 −0.09 - 2.25 0.072
   61 to 80 years 0.36 −1.14 - 1.88 0.631
   Older than 80 years 0.44 −3.45 - 4.33 0.825
Household Size
 Small household (Reference)
   Medium household (5 to 8 members) −0.15 −0.99 - 0.68 0.723
  Large household (9 & more members) −0.98 −2.22 - 0.26 0.124
Number of Hospital Beds in States
 Less than 10,000 beds (Reference)
   10,000 to 20,000 beds 0.38 −7.86 - 8.64 0.927
   Greater than 20,000 beds 4.28 −3.69 - 12.26 0.292
Constant 3.35 −4.47 - 11.18 0.401