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Table 6 Logistic Regression Results for the Effect of Poor People Health Insurance Program on the Incidence of Hospitalization

From: Effect of health insurance program for the poor on out-of-pocket inpatient care cost in India: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey

Incidence of Hospitalization Odds Ratio 95% CI P value
Public Health Insurance for the Poor
 Not enrolled (Reference)
  Enrolled 1.23 1.06–1.44 0.007
Social Group
 Other Backward Classes (Reference)
  Scheduled tribes 1.01 0.85–1.19 0.878
  Scheduled castes 1.01 0.86–1.19 0.859
  Others 1.17 0.96–1.42 0.103
Chronic Illness
 No Chronic illness (Reference)
  Chronic Illness 3.55 2.87–4.45 < 0.001
Age Groups
 0 to 18 years (Reference)
  19 to 40 years 1.06 0.82–1.36 0.635
  41 to 60 years 2.44 1.89–3.15 < 0.001
  61 to 80 years 2.99 2.14–4.17 < 0.001
  Older than 80 years 4.85 1.71–13.69 0.003
Interaction Age Group* Sex
 Female and Age Group (19 to 40 years) 6.81 4.95–9.36 < 0.001
  Female and Age Group (41 to 60 years) 0.91 0.63–1.30 0.617
  Female and Age Group (61 to 80 years) 0.82 0.51–1.30 0.411
  Female and Older than 80 years 0.76 0.19–3.04 0.703
Household Size
 Small household (Reference)
  Medium household (5 to 8 members) 0.77 0.66–0.89 < 0.001
  Large household (9 & more members) 0.47 0.39–0.58 < 0.001
Hospital beds per 1000 population
 More than 1 bed per 1000 (Reference)
   0.5 to 1 per 1000 population 1.59 0.34–7.40 0.551
  Less than 0.5 per 1000 population 1.16 0.26–5.05 0.843
Constant 0.15 0.03–0.68 0.013