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Table 2 Descriptive Statistics for selected categorical variables for poor individuals in the 2014 survey of India

From: Effect of health insurance program for the poor on out-of-pocket inpatient care cost in India: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional survey

Variables Categories Frequency (%)
n = 64,270
Weighted Percentage
Hospitalization (Yes/No) Yes 7515 (11.69%) 3.33%
Health Insurance for the Poor Enrolled 5917 (9.21%) 9.55%
Sex Female 32,152 (50.03%) 48.90%
Marital Status Never married 32,938 (51.25%) 51.81%
Currently married 28,443 (44.26%) 43.59%
Widowed/divorced/separated 2889 (4.50%) 4.60%
Education Illiterate 26,063 (40.55%) 41.30%
Primary/middle school 29,240 (45.50%) 47.39%
Secondary school 4834 (7.52%) 6.49%
Higher secondary school 2795 (4.35%) 3.46%
Diploma/graduate/post graduate 1337 (2.08%) 1.36%
Location (Rural or Urban) Rural 42,590 (66.27%) 80.03%
Religion Hinduism 46,464 (72.30%) 80.57%
Islam 11,836 (18.42%) 15.09%
Christianity 3988 (6.21%) 2.09%
Other religions 1982 (3.08%) 2.25%
Social Group Scheduled tribes 12,983 (20.20%) 16.65%
Scheduled castes 13,759 (21.41%) 25.51%
Other backward classes 26,105 (40.62%) 42.97%
Others 11,423 (17.77%) 14.86%
Household size Small household (1–4 members) 8835 (13.75%) 18.07%
Medium household (5–8 members) 39,009 (60.70%) 64.20%
Large household (9 and more) 16,426 (25.56%) 17.73%
Household type Self-employed 33,211 (51.67% 49.44%
Regular wage/salary earning 7794 (12.13%) 9.27%
Casual labor 21,617 (33.63%) 38.49%
Others 1648 (2.56%) 2.80%
Latrine type Service and pit latrine 13,594 (21.15%) 14.65%
Septic tank/flush system 16,931 (26.34%) 19.36%
No latrine and others 33,745 (52.51%) 65.99%
Drainage type Open 30,535 (47.51%) 44.05%
Covered 8543 (13.29%) 10.66%
No drainage 25,192 (39.20%) 45.29%
Drinking water Safe water 61,807 (96.17%) 98.36%
Unsafe water 2463 (3.83%) 1.64%
Cooking fuel Unclean fuels 50,913 (79.22%) 84.91%
Clean fuels 12,802 (19.92%) 13.69%
No cooking arrangement 555 (0.86%) 1.40%
Chronic illness Yes 1911 (2.97%) 2.51%
Level of care (those who sought care from hospitals) Sub-center/PHC/CHC 890 (1.38%) 0.42%
Public hospital 4005 (6.23%) 1.72%
Private hospital 2620 (4.08%) 1.18%
Type of ward (those who used hospitals) Free 4532 (7.05%) 2.00%
Paying general 2672 (4.16%) 1.20%
Paying special 311 (0.48%) 0.13%
Ailment/disease or morbidity type for those seeking care Infections 1518 (2.36%) 0.53%
Cancers, blood, endocrine, metabolic, eye & ear diseases 486 (0.76%) 0.19%
Cardiovascular, respiratory diseases 542 (0.84%) 0.22%
Gastrointestinal diseases 553 (0.86%) 0.22%
Skin, musculoskeletal, psychiatric & neurological diseases 576 (0.90%) 0.21%
Genitourinary, obstetric & childbirth 3204 (4.99%) 1.73%
Injuries 636 (0.99%) 0.23%
Did not seek care 56,755 (88.31%) 96.67%