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Table 3 Factors independently associated with Palliative Care access

From: Access to inpatient palliative care among cancer patients in France: an analysis based on the national cancer cohort

  Adjusted odds ratios [95% confidence interval]
Accessed inpatient palliative care vs did not access (2013–2016)
Total (N = 170,599) Death (2013–2016)
  No (N = 109,793) Yes (N = 60,806)
Gender (ref. male)
 Female 0.93 [0.90–0.95] 0.97 [0.90–1.05] 1.13 [1.09–1.17]
Age in 2013 (ref. 50–74)
 Under 18 years 0.44 [0.37–0.52] 0.92 [0.67–1.26] 1.77 [1.22–2.56]
 18–49 0.77 [0.73–0.81] 0.88 [0.78–0.99] 1.39 [1.28–1.51]
 75 years and older 1.61 [1.56–1.66] 1.34 [1.22–1.46] 0.82 [0.79–0.85]
Cancer site (ref. Respiratory track)
 Gastro-intestinal 0.66 [0.64–0.68] 0.64 [0.57–0.72] 0.99 [0.95–1.04]
 Endocrine glands 0.08 [0.07–0.09] 0.14 [0.10–0.19] 0.57 [0.45–0.73]
 Hematologic 0.39 [0.37–0.41] 0.66 [0.57–0.76] 0.62 [0.58–0.66]
 Bone 0.48 [0.38–0.60] 0.62 [0.37–1.04] 0.97 [0.68–1.38]
 Skin 0.09 [0.09–0.10] 0.11 [0.09–0.13] 0.34 [0.32–0.37]
 Nervous system 1.61 [1.50–1.74] 0.63 [0.48–0.81] 1.76 [1.59–1.95]
 Soft tissues 0.23 [0.18–0.29] 0.18 [0.08–0.37] 0.55 [0.40–0.76]
 Upper aerodigestive tract 0.66 [0.63–0.70] 0.89 [0.77–1.04] 0.80 [0.74–0.86]
 Urinary tract 0.33 [0.31–0.34] 0.33 [0.28–0.39] 0.82 [0.77–0.88]
 Eye 0.21 [0.15–0.30] 0.21 [0.09–0.51] 0.75 [0.45–1.24]
Cancer stage (ref. Invasive)
 In situ 0.14 [0.12–0.17] 0.33 [0.23–0.47] 0.39 [0.30–0.51]
 Node involvement 1.69 [1.60–1.78] 1.77 [1.55–2.03] 1.35 [1.26–1.46]
 Metastatic 5.37 [5.19–5.55] 3.56 [3.17–4.00] 1.96 [1.89–2.04]
 Non-attributablea 0.08 [0.06–0.10] 0.14 [0.08–0.22] 0.25 [0.17–0.35]
Comorbidities in 2013 (ref. no comorbidities)
 1 category 1.20 [1.17–1.24] 1.22 [1.12–1.33] 0.79 [0.75–0.82]
 2 categories or more 1.37 [1.32–1.41] 1.58 [1.44–1.74] 0.66 [0.63–0.68]
Social deprivation level (ref. Very high deprivation (5th quintile))
 Very little deprivation (1st quintile) 0.86 [0.82–0.90] 0.74 [0.65–0.84] 1.06 [0.99–1.12]
 Little deprivation (2nd quintile) 0.93 [0.89–0.97] 0.87 [0.77–0.98] 1.09 [1.03–1.15]
 Moderate deprivation (3rd quintile) 0.92 [0.88–0.96] 0.96 [0.85–1.08] 1.02 [0.97–1.08]
 Substantial deprivation (4th quintile) 0.94 [0.90–0.98] 0.87 [0.78–0.98] 1.03 [0.97–1.08]
  1. Table legend. Multivariable logistic regressions were selected by a forward stepwise selection procedure (probability threshold = 20%, probability of staying in the model = 5%) and adjusted for region of residence. Only cancer sites common to both men and women were considered, a Cancer sites and stage which could not be characterized under the ICD-10 classification