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Table 2 Summary of risk factors identified by professional groups for CVD (N = 255)

From: Examining healthcare professionals’ beliefs and actions regarding the physical health of people with schizophrenia

Risk factors Non-qualified clinical staff
N (%)
Nurses
N (%)
Senior/managerial clinical staff
N (%)
Allied health professionals
N (%)
Medical practitioners
N (%)
Total
N (%)
abFamily history of CVD 68 (98.6) 103 (97.2) 13 (92.9) 42 (100) 22 (100) 250 (98.0)
abSmoking 66 (95.7) 104 (98.1) 14 (100) 41 (97.6) 22 (100) 249 (97.7)
abHigh blood pressure 64 (92.8) 103 (97.2) 14 (100) 40 (95.2) 22 (100) 245 (96.1)
abObesity 63 (91.3) 102 (96.2) 11 (78.6) 40 (95.2) 22 (100) 240 (94.1)
abHigh cholesterol 63 (91.3) 97 (91.5) 14 (100) 41 (97.6) 22 (100) 239 (93.7)
aLack of physical activity 64 (92.8) 96 (90.1) 14 (100) 39 (92.9) 21 (95.5) 236 (92.6)
bAlcohol consumption 60 (87.0) 93 (87.7) 11 (78.6) 32 (76.2) 18 (81.8) 216 (84.7)
cPoor diet 54 (78.3) 93 (87.7) 12 (85.7) 32 (76.2) 20 (90.9) 212 (83.1)
cSubstance abuse 58 (84.1) 87 (82.1) 11 (78.6) 33 (78.6) 16 (72.3) 206 (80.8)
abAge 49 (71.0) 84 (79.3) 10 (71.4) 30 (71.4) 18 (81.8) 193 (75.7)
abAntipsychotic/antidepressant medication 42 (60.9) 83 (78.3) 10 (71.4) 32 (76.2) 20 (90.9) 189 (74.1)
abDiagnosis of type 2 diabetes 42 (60.9) 75 (70.8) 10 (71.4) 34 (81.0) 20 (90.9) 183 (71.8)
Other psychiatric medication 32 (46.4) 70 (66.0) 10 (71.4) 24 (57.1) 12 (54.6) 150 (58.8)
abEthnicity 22 (31.9) 64 (60.4) 8 (57.1) 26 (61.9) 17 (77.3) 139 (54.5)
Red meat consumption 36 (52.2) 49 (46.2) 7 (50.0) 23 (54.8) 11 (50.0) 128 (50.2)
Caffeine consumption 34 (49.3) 51 (48.1) 8 (57.1) 23 (54.8) 5 (22.7) 122 (47.8)
cPoor sleep 33 (47.8) 44 (41.5) 5 (35.7) 19 (45.2) 12 (54.6) 114 (44.7)
Dehydration 25 (36.2) 34 (32.1) 6 (42.9) 17 (40.5) 3 (13.6) 86 (33.7)
Lack of access to green spaces 19 (27.5) 30 (28.3) 2 (14.3) 12 (28.6) 7 (31.8) 71 (27.8)
cAir pollution 19 (27.5) 22 (22.6) 3 (21.4) 13 (31.0) 3 (13.6) 63 (24.7)
Noise pollution 5 (7.3) 10 (9.4) 1 (7.1) 6 (14.3) 1 (4.6) 23 (9.0)
Vaccinations 5 (7.3) 4 (3.8) 0 1 (2.4) 1 (4.6) 11 (4.3)
Hair dye 3 (4.4) 3 (2.8) 0 0 0 6 (2.4)
Mobile phone use 2 (2.9) 3 (2.8) 0 1 (2.4) 0 6 (2.4)
  1. aEstablished risk factors according to NICE; bEstablished risk factors according to CVD risk prediction scores applicable to people with schizophrenia [33, 34]; cNot an established CVD risk factor according to NICE, but there is some evidence for it increasing CVD risk in published literature