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Table 5 Recommendations for practice and resources

From: Transnationalism and care of migrant families during pregnancy, postpartum and early-childhood: an integrative review

For supporting ‘Ways of belonging’
Increase the diversity of the healthcare workforce
Offer tailored, community-based programs and services for migrants
Partner with communities and organizations to develop interventions and programs
Provide cultural competence training to all health and social care personnel
Use linguistically and culturally-adapted materials
Use trained linguistic, cultural brokers
Reflect on your own culture, beliefs and attitudes about ‘others’
Recognize and avoid stereotypes
Attend to power differentials and engage in two-way dialogue
Humbly acknowledge that you are a learner and remain open to different ways of knowing and doing
Communicate in a value free, respectful tone
Tailor care to the context
Actively counter racism and discrimination
For supporting ‘Ways of being’
Inquire about family members, including children back home
Acknowledge transnational stressors (e.g., economic commitments, family responsibilities, stressful relationships)
Ask about the use of health and social services abroad
Ask about other health information, support, advice and medicines coming from back home
Resources: cultural competency and cultural safety
The Office of Minority Health:
The National Center for Cultural Competence:
Health Information Translations, Quality health education resources for diverse populations:
Diversity Rx:
HealthReach, Health information in Many Languages: