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Table 4 Summary of the literature by publication type, location, focus and populations studied

From: Transnationalism and care of migrant families during pregnancy, postpartum and early-childhood: an integrative review

Descriptor N = 69 papers % (n)
Publication type
 Qualitative research 82.6% (57)
 Quantitative research 2.9% (2)
 Mixed-methods research 10.1% (7)
 Discussion paper 4.3% (3)
Location of study/discussion paper
 Europea 40.6% (28)
 United States 23.2% (16)
 Australia and New Zealand 20.3% (14)
 Canada 15.9% (11)
Focus of service/care/program/intervention examined
 Maternity (prenatal, birth, and postpartum) 69.6% (48)
 Early childhood (post-birth up to age five) 23.2% (16)
 Maternity and early childhood 7.3% (5)
Populations studied N = 66 studies % (n)
Parents 57.6% (38)
Care-providers 19.7% (13)
Care-providers and parents 22.7% (15)
Parents N = 53
 Mothers 81.1% (43)
 Fathers 1.9% (1)
 Both parentsb 17.0% (9)
Migration source region of parentsc N = 53
 Sub-Saharan Africa 56.6% (30)
 North Africa/Middle East 41.5% (22)
 Latin America 32.0% (17)
 Caribbean 7.5% (4)
 South Asia 43.4% (23)
 South East Asia 20.8% (11)
 East Asia 17.0% (9)
 Eastern Europe/Russia 24.5% (13)
 Western Europe/Australia 9.4% (5)
Migration status of parentsc N = 53
 Immigrantd 56.6% (30)
 Family 9.4% (5)
 Refugee 54.7% (29)
 Asylum-seeker 20.8% (11)
 Undocumented (non-status migrants) 17.0% (9)
  1. aIncludes Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom
  2. bOne study also included grandparents and other members of their community
  3. cA study may be counted in more than one category so percentages do not add to 100%
  4. dImmigrant was often used as a general term to describe the foreign-born population and so may have included migrants with other statuses (i.e., other than economic immigrants)