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Table 2 Comparison of PROMs in the EMPATHY Trial

From: A cluster randomized controlled trial for the Evaluation of routinely Measured PATient reported outcomes in HemodialYsis care (EMPATHY): a study protocol

  ESAS-r: Renal IPOS-Renal EQ-5D-5 L
Type of PROM Disease-specific (renal) measure Disease-specific (renal) measure Generic, preference-based HRQL measure
Use by Renal Programs •AKC-N
•ORN
•Study groups 1 and 3
•AKC-S
•Study groups 1 and 3
•AKC-N
•AKC-S
•ORN
•Study groups 2 and 3
Measurement Properties •Clinically validated and reliable
•Sensitive to change
•Clinically validated and reliable
•Sensitive to change
Limited evidence for clinical use
•Produces utility scores
•Comparison with any population, including population norms
Content Symptoms:
•Pain
•Tiredness
•Drowsiness
•Nausea
•Lack of appetite
•Shortness of breath
•Depression
•Anxiety
•Wellbeing
•Itch
•Problems sleeping
•Restless legs
Symptoms:
•Pain
•Shortness of breath
•Weakness or lack of energy
•Nausea
•Vomiting
•Poor appetite
•Constipation
•Sore or dry mouth
•Drowsiness
•Poor mobility
•Itch
•Difficulty sleeping
•Restless legs
•Changes in skin
•Diarrhea
•Anxiety
•Depression
Other:
Information needs, practical concerns, family anxieties, and overall feeling of being at peace
Problems:
•Mobility
•Selfcare
•Usual activities
•Pain/discomfort
•Anxiety/depression
Visual Analogue Scale: overall health state
Number of items/dimensions 12 26 5 + VAS
Scale 0–10 0–4 5 dimensions: 1–5 categorical Index score: 0-dead, 1-full health VAS: 0–100