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Table 2 Characteristics of total respondents in 2016

From: What contributes to medical debt? Evidence from patients in rural China

Variables category Total XT(n = 431) YQ(n = 395) t /Chi-square tests
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Gender Male 435 (52.7) 222 (51.5) 213 (53.9) 0.483
Female 391 (47.3) 209 (48.5) 182 (46.1)
Age (year) < 18 62 (7.5) 31 (7.2) 31 (7.8) 0.077
18–45 202 (24.5) 97 (22.5) 105 (26.6)
46–64 388 (46.9) 221 (51.3) 167 (42.3)
≥65 174 (21.1) 82 (19.0) 92 (23.3)
Marriage Married 650 (78.7) 346 (80.3) 304 (77.0) 0.245
Othersb 176 (21.3) 85 (19.7) 91 (23.0)
Household size (Mean, SD) 1.53 (0.50) 3.60 (1.69) 4.06 (2.48) < 0.01
PCHI (CNY) (Mean, median) 9307 (6250) 10,555 (7178) 7951 (5280) < 0.001a
Hospital level county or less level 211 (25.5) 136 (31.6) 75 (19.0) < 0.001
municipal or higher level 615 (74.5) 295 (68.4) 320 (81.0)
Inpatient times (Mean, SD) 4.59 (6.73) 5.71 (8.80) 3.36 (2.76) < 0.001
Inpatient days (Mean, SD) 49.03 (66.21) 65.51 (80.06) 35.42 (42.76) < 0.001
Inpatient expenses (Mean, median) 70,897 (56159) 74,284 (63095) 67,150 (50828) < 0.001a
NCMS reimbursement (CNYc)
(Mean, median)
34,742 (27593) 33,515 (28228) 36,081 (26889) 0.926a
CII reimbursement (CNY)
(Mean, median)
7023 (3581) 8045 (4582) 5908 (3005) < 0.001a
OOP (CNY) (Mean, median) 28,499 (22316) 32,531 (25050) 24,100 (18225) < 0.001a
NDMC (CNY) (Mean, median) 4433 (2860) 4480 (2985) 4384 (2784) 0.743a
Indirect cost (CNY) (Mean, median) 9244 (2000) 10,248 (2000) 8148 (1500) 0.106a
Financial assistance from kin Yes 233 (28.2) 146 (33.9) 87 (22.0) < 0.001
No 593 (71.8) 285 (66.1) 308 (78.0)
Medical assistance Yes 198 (24.0) 140 (32.5) 58 (14.7) < 0.001
No 628 (76.0) 291 (67.5) 337 (85.3)
Medical debt
Incidence Yes 568 (68.8) 283 (65.7) 285 (72.2) < 0.05
No 258 (31.2) 148 (34.3) 110 (27.8)
Median load (CNY) (Mean, median) 36,768 (20000) 39,847 (20000) 33,407 (20000) 0.845a
  1. athe rank sum test
  2. bothers contains unmarried, divorced and widowed
  3. cexchange rate 650 CNY = US$100 at the end of 2017