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Table 1 Characteristics of the informal caregivers and the people with dementia at the baseline

From: TALKING TIME: A pilot randomized controlled trial investigating social support for informal caregivers via the telephone

T0 Intervention group Control group Test results (p-values)
Informal caregivers of people with dementia N = 19 N = 19
Sociodemographics
 Age, years 67.4 (±8.1) 64.1 (±10.6) 0.29a
 Women 16 (84)d 16 (84)c 0.68a
Number of children    0.11b
 1 3 (18) 8 (44)  
 2 8 (47) 9 (50)  
 3 5 (29) 1 (6)  
 5 1 (6) 0  
Level of education    0.26b
 No educational degree (max. 7 years of education) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 School-leaving certificate 3 (16) 2 (11)  
 General Certificate of Secondary Education 8 (42) 13 (68)  
 Higher education entrance qualification (A-levels) 8 (42) 4 (21)  
Level of occupational education    0.73b
 None 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Occupational training 12 (63) 13 (68)  
 Academic qualification between 3 and 5 years 7 (37) 6 (32)  
 Currently employed 6 (32) 8 (42) 0.5a
 Living with person with dementia (Yes) 16 (84) 14 (78)c 0.6a
 Relationship to person with dementia, spouse 12 (63) 11 (61)c 0.9a
Outcomes
 Self-rated psychological HRQoL score (0–100) 45.2 (±8.5) 37.0 (±10.7)c 0.01a
 Self-rated physical HRQoL score (0–100) 45.5 (±10.3) 44.9 (±11.9)c 0.87a
 Social support score (9–45) 28.5 (±9.3) 23.6 (±9.3) 0.12a
 Social conflict score (3–15) 6.3 (±3.7) 6.7 (±3.6) 0.76a
Caregiver Reaction
 Caregiver self-esteem (7–35) 27.2 (±4.8) 25.1 (±5.5)d 0.22a
 Lack of family support (5–25) 13.4 (±5.6) 13.2 (±4.0) 0.92a
 Impact on finances (3–15) 7.6 (±3.3) 8.3 (±2.8) 0.49a
 Impact on daily schedule (5–25) 18.6 (±3.6) 18.2 (±2.4) 0.71a
 Impact on health (4–20) 10.5 (±2.6) 11.2 (±3.2)c 0.51a
People with dementia
Sociodemographics
 Age, years 76.3 (±8.3)c 76.0 (±8.0)c 0.9a
 Women 4 (22)c 8 (44)c 0.16a
 Years living with dementia diagnosis 6.8 (±5.2)c 6.2 (±12.4)c 0.85a
Care dependency levele    0.07b
 None 3 (17) 5 (28)  
 1 2 (11) 7 (39)  
 2 10 (56) 3 (17)  
 3 3 (17) 3 (17)  
Cognition (6–0)    0.28b
  = 0 14 (78) 11 (61)  
  ≥ 1 4 (22) 7 (39)  
 Activities of daily living score (0–30) 26.2 (±6.2)c 21.6 (±7.0)c 0.04a
  1. Data are the mean (SD) or number (%)
  2. a ANOVA
  3. b Chi-squared test
  4. c One missing
  5. d Two missing
  6. e As determined by expert raters of the medical service of the statutory long-term care