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Table 1 Basic characteristics of patients who were dispensed an OAT opioid

From: Too much or too little opioids to patients receiving opioid agonist therapy in Norway (2013–2017): a prospective cohort study

Basic characteristics 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)
Patients 7709 7914 7958 7804 7709
Deaths 165 151 138 114 124
Patients, excluded deaths 7544 7763 7820 7690 7585
Age
  ≤ 25 211 (3) 185 (2) 171 (2) 135 (2) 120 (2)
 26–35 1590 (21) 1570 (20) 1551 (20) 1403 (18) 1333 (18)
 36–45 2724 (36) 2730 (35) 2605 (33) 2508 (33) 3292 (32)
 46–55 2283 (30) 2449 (32) 2544 (33) 2540 (33) 2548 (34)
  ≥ 56 736 (10) 829 (11) 949 (12) 1104 (14) 1192 (16)
Mean (SD) 43 (10) 44 (10) 44 (10) 44 (10) 45 (10)
Gender
 Male 5221 (69) 5390 (69) 5430 (69) 5354 (70) 5245 (69)
 Female 2323 (31) 2373 (31) 2390 (31) 2336 (30) 2340 (31)
OAT opioidsa
 Methadone (included levomethadone) 3406 (45) 3264 (42) 3216 (41) 3066 (40) 2981 (39)
Buprenorphine (included combination with naloxone) 4138 (55) 4499 (58) 4604 (59) 4624 (60) 4604 (61)
Dispensed opioid analgesics
 - All 1430 (19) 1424 (18) 1400 (18) 1382 (18) 1359 (18)
- Strong opioid analgesic 542 (7) 518 (7) 490 (6) 534 (7) 526 (7)
 - Weak opioid analgesic 1089 (14) 1078 (14) 1066 (14) 1011 (13) 997 (13)
Dose of dispensed opioid analgesics (in OMEQ)
 - mean (mg/year) 18,538 17,399 8963 9361 10,723
 - mean (mg/day/year) 51 48 25 26 29
 - median (mg/year) 450 400 400 500 500
 - median (mg/day/year) 1 1 1 1 1
 - 25 percentile (mg/year) 86 75 90 100 100
 - 25 percentile (mg/day/year) 0 0 0 0 0
 - 75 percentile (mg/year) 4478 3321 2616 2891 3500
 - 75 percentile (mg/day/year) 12 9 7 8 10
Patients on palliative careb 737
Patients with chronic painc 2011
  1. No.: Number of patients; OAT Opioid agonist therapy, OMEQ Oral morphine equivalents, SD Standard deviation
  2. a The type of OAT opioid that was dispensed on the last dispensation per year
  3. b Patients who were dispensed drugs that were reimbursed due to palliative care in the study period
  4. c Patients who were dispensed a drug that was reimbursed due to chronic pain in the study period. Patients who were dispensed drugs that were reimbursed for palliative care and chronic pain were classified as ‘patients on palliative care’