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Table 4 Determinants of catastrophic health expenditure, 2016/17

From: What has been the progress in addressing financial risk in Uganda? Analysis of catastrophe and impoverishment due to health payments

Catastrophic health expenditure (10% of household expenditure)
Independent Variables Odds-ratio (OR) SE. z P > z [95% CI]
Poverty (poor = 1, non-poor = 0) 0.4 0.0 −8.2 0.0 0.3 0.5
Residence (urban = 1, rural = 0) 0.8 0.1 −1.9 0.1 0.7 1.0
Region (R = central)
 Eastern 0.8 0.1 −1.5 0.1 0.7 1.1
 Northern 0.9 0.1 −0.6 0.6 0.8 1.2
 Western 0.8 0.1 −1.6 0.1 0.7 1.0
Household size 1.1 0.0 2.7 0.0 1.0 1.1
Sex of household head
(male = 1, female = 0)
0.9 0.1 −1.0 0.3 0.7 1.2
Employment (R = formal)
 Casual/Subsistence 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.9 1.3
 Unemployed 1.3 0.2 1.9 0.1 1.0 1.6
Children below 5 (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.3 0.1 3.1 0.0 1.1 1.5
Adults above 60 (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.4 0.2 3.3 0.0 1.2 1.7
Education (R = no formal education)
 Primary level 1.1 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.9 1.4
 Secondary level 1.0 0.1 −0.2 0.9 0.7 1.3
 Tertiary 0.7 0.2 −1.7 0.1 0.5 1.1
Marital status
(married = 1, not married = 0)
1.3 0.2 2.0 0.0 1.0 1.7
_cons 0.1 0.0 −13.5 0.0 0.1 0.2
Log pseudo likelihood = −14,632,786
Number of obs = 15,349
Wald chi2(15) = 135.0
Prob > chi2 = 0.000
Pseudo R2 = 0.013
  1. R = Reference category
  2. Source: Authors’ computation based on the UNHS 2016/17 data