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Table 1 Characteristics of the caregivers and care recipients

From: Willingness-to-pay and willingness-to-accept of informal caregivers of dependent elderly people in Shanghai, China

  N/Mean %/SD
Characteristics of the caregivers
Gender
 Male 153 41.2
 Female 218 58.2
 Age 56.67 11.77
 Marital status (missing = 38)  
 Married 305 91.6
 Widowed 12 3.6
 All others 16 4.8
 Education (missing = 40)  
 0–6 years 14 4.2
 7–15 years 213 64.4
 Above 15 years 104 31.4
Employment
 Employed 179 48.2
 Retired 106 28.6
 Unemployed 86 23.2
 Income (CNY) (missing = 58)  
  < 4000 123 39.3
 4000–6000 139 44.4
  > 6000 51 16.3
 Relationship to the recipient (missing = 32)  
 Spouse 89 26.3
 Child 227 67.0
 All others 23 6.8
 Co-residence (missing = 25)  
 Yes 165 47.7
 No 181 52.3
Characteristics of the care recipients
 Gender (missing = 4)  
 Male 129 35.1
 Female 238 64.9
 Agea 80.73 (8.76)
 Education (missing = 15)  
 0–6 years 94 26.4
 7–15 years 203 57.0
 Above 15 years 59 16.6
 Income (CNY) (missing = 5)  
  < 4000 184 50.3
 4000–6000 149 40.7
  > 6000 33 9.0
 CCI (missing = 6)  
 CCI = 0 70 19.2
 CCI < =2 245 67.1
 CCI > =3 50 13.7
Caregiving-related measures
 Care duration (years)a 7.44 4.82
 Care time (hours/week)a 42.89 30.15
 HDL tasks 13.19 10.76
 ADL tasks 8.42 7.80
 IADL tasks 10.04 9.76
 Supervision and companionship 11.08 13.05
 CRAa (missing = 18)  
 CRA – Disrupted schedule 2.64 .71
 CRA – Self-esteem 2.77 .53
 CRA – Lack of family support 2.63 .69
 CRA – Loss of physical strength 2.67 .68
 CRA – Financial issue 1.16 .50
Receives formal care
 Yes 207 55.8
 No 164 44.2
Receives other informal care
 Yes 140 37.7
 No 231 62.3
  1. aMean and SD