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Table 7 Determinants of CHWs performance in the malaria prevention and control interventions at community

From: Evaluating fidelity of community health worker roles in malaria prevention and control programs in Livingstone District, Zambia-A bottleneck analysis

Characteristic % of CHWs and performance score category p-value: Fishers exact
< 12 (poor) 12+ (good)
n (%) n (%)
Education
 No formal and primary 8 (88.9) 1 (11.1) 1.0
 Secondary/tertiary 21 (84.0) 4 (16.0)  
Clinic catchment
 Libuyu 12 (80.0) 3 (20.0) 0.634
 Nakatindi 17 (89.5) 2 (10.5)  
Age categories
 < 40 years 4 (66.0) 2 (34.0) 0.25
 40+ years 25 (89.3) 3 (10.7)  
Occupation
 Business 16 (88.9) 2 (11.1) 0.6
 Other 13 (81.2) 3 (18.8)  
Marital status
 Married 12 (70.9) 5 (29.4) 0.015*
 Other 17 (100.0) 0 (0.0)  
Income
 < K500 14 (87.5) 2 (12.5) 1.0
 K500-K1500 15 (83.3) 3 (16.7)  
Sex
 Male 7 (70.0) 3 (30.0) 0.138
 Female 22 (91.7) 2 (8.3)  
No of household members
 < 6 11 (91.6) 1 (8.4) 0.635
 6+ 18 (81.8) 4 (18.2)  
No of children U-5
 0 15 (88.2) 2 (11.8) 1.0
 1+ 14 (82.3) 3 (17.7)  
Work experience in malaria
 6-12 months 17 (100.0) 0 0.04*
 Above 12 months 12 (70.5) 5 (29.5)  
Reason for being CHW
 Recommended by NHC 21 (84.0) 4 (16.0) 0.73
 Interest in malaria 8 (88.9) 1 (11.1)  
Incentive/payment received
 Yes 1 (100.0) 0 1.0
 No 28 (84.8) 5 (15.2)  
Supervised
 Never 0 1 (100) 0.303
 Every 6 months 2 (100.0) 0  
 Every 3 months 16 (84.2) 3 (15.8)  
 Monthly 11 (91.7) 1 (8.3)  
Supervisor
 Clinic 1 (20.0) 4 (80.0) 0.002*
 NHC Chairman 5 (100.0) 0  
 NGO 23 (95.8) 1 (4.2)  
Record for reports
 Register 0 1 (100.0) 0.05*
 Phone 2 (66.7) 1 (33.3)  
 Paper 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0)  
 Book 24 (92.3) 2 (7.7)  
  1. *significant finding