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Table 3 Comparison of IBD population with and without caregiver burden. Univariate logistic regression models for differences * = P < .35, # = not considered, bold = P < .05

From: The effects of inflammatory bowel disease on caregivers: significant burden and loss of productivity

IBD Population (n = 102)Caregiver Burden
39% (40)
No Caregiver Burden
61% (62)
p-value
Burden Type82.5% (33) Mild to Moderate N/A
15% (6) Moderate to Severe
2.5% (1) Severe
IBD patient characteristics   
Age mean (SD)41.3 (16.8)37.9 (15.6)*P = 0.30
Gender % (n)62.5% Female (25)74.2% Female (46)*P = 0.21
Race % (n)75% White Non-Hispanic (30)66.1% White Non-Hispanic (41)*P = 0.34
25% Other (10)33.9% Other (21) 
Abdominal Surgery % (n)30% (12)35.5% (22)P = 0.57
Fistula % (n)35% (14)25.8% (16)*P = 0.32
Disease type % (n)55% UC (22)43.5% UC (27)*P = 0.26
Disease State (mHI) % (n)65% Active (26)38.7% Active (24)*P = 0.01
IBD Quality of Life, mean (SD)39.85 (12.29)46.12 (11.68)*P < 0.01
Employed % (n)50% Yes (20)52% Yes (32)#P = 0.24
IBD Absenteeism % (n)65% Yes (13)21.9% Yes (7)*P < 0.01
Mean Absenteeism % (SD)19% (11.9)5% (12.4)#P = 0.03
IBD Presenteeism % (n)85% Yes (17)56.3% Yes (18)*P = 0.05
Mean Presenteeism % (SD)45.2% (35.6%)14.5% (19.5)# P < 0.01
Activity Impairment % (n)87.5% Yes (35)72.6% Yes (45)*P = 0.08
Mean Activity Impairment % (SD)52.3% (31.1)28.2% (27.9)#P < 0.01
Caregiver characteristics
 Caregiver age mean (SD)47.3 (14.2)48.5 (16.3)P = 0.71
 Caregiver gender % (n)50% Female (20)46.8% Female (29)P = 0.75
 Living together % (n)22.5% No (9)27.4% No (17)P = 0.58
 Caregiver relationship % (n)52.5% Spouse/Partner (21)58.1% Spouse/Partner (36)P = 0.58
 Caregiver education % (n)82.5% College or Post-College (33)74.2% College or Post-College (46)*P = 0.33
 Caregiver income % (n)52.5% Under $100 K (21)53.2% Under $100 K (33)P = 0.94
 Caregiver race % (n)55% White Non-Hispanic (22)61.3% White Non-Hispanic (38)P = 0.53
 Caregiver time spent hrs/week mean (SD)20.0 (33.6)7.4 (17.0)*P < 0.01
 Caregiver duration yrs. mean (SD)8.6 (10.3)7.9 (7.3)P = 0.85
 Caregiver chronic disease % (n)82.5% No (33)88.7% No (55)P = 0.38
 Caregiver absenteeism %(n)58.1% Yes (18)23.8% Yes (10)*P < 0.01
 Caregiver absenteeism mean (SD)14.1% (19.7)5.4% (13.8)#P = 0.04
 Caregiver presenteeism %(n)83.9% Yes (26)37.2% Yes (16)*P < 0.01
 Caregiver presenteeism, mean (SD)38.1% (33.9)9.5% (20.3)#P < 0.01
 Caregiver activity impairment %(n)80% Yes (32)33.9% Yes (21)*P = 0.01
 Caregiver activity impairment mean (SD)36.5% (30.3%)7.3% (14.3%)#P < 0.01