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Table 3 Spearman’s rank correlation

From: Waiting times in emergency departments: a resource allocation or an efficiency issue?

  ED waiting times for inhabitants ED admission rate N. GPs rate N. FTE Physicians per adm B261 C2A2 C11A11 C11A21 C11A31 C161 C162 C163 C164 C1651A C165 C166 C167 C168 C169 C1610 C1618 D9A
ED waiting times for inhabitants 1.00                      
ED admission rate −0.22 1.00                     
N. GPs rate −0.09 − 0.16 1.00                    
N. FTE Physicians per adm −0.41* − 0.36* 0.30 1.00                   
B261 −0.52* 0.04 −0.01 0.60* 1.00                  
C2A2 0.58* −0.15 −0.19 − 0.33 −0.51* 1.00                 
C11A11 0.60* −0.22 0.15 −0.14 −0.37* 0.17 1.00                
C11A21 0.23 −0.01 0.30 −0.23 −0.58* 0.21 0.34 1.00               
C11A31 0.43* −0.34 0.09 0.09 −0.52* 0.62* 0.50* 0.44* 1.00              
C161 −0.77* −0.06 − 0.17 0.38* 0.33 −0.38* − 0.43* −0.21 − 0.12 1.00             
C162 −0.80* 0.14 −0.13 0.29 0.32 −0.40* −0.60* − 0.25 −0.36 0.79* 1.00            
C163 −0.60* 0.40* 0.23 −0.13 0.01 −0.53* −0.34 0.21 −0.41* 0.30 0.43* 1.00           
C164 −0.32 0.18 0.40* −0.04 0.19 −0.49* −0.37* 0.16 −0.39* 0.03 0.03 0.56* 1.00          
C1651A 0.09 −0.24 − 0.51* 0.03 0.16 0.23 0.01 −0.10 −0.04 0.11 0.07 −0.44* −0.43* 1.00         
C165 −0.39* 0.05 0.08 0.21 0.11 −0.00 −0.19 0.08 0.35 0.46* 0.29 0.10 0.06 −0.22 1.00        
C166 0.01 0.18 −0.06 0.12 0.02 0.28 0.13 0.00 0.17 −0.00 0.00 −0.10 − 0.48* 0.05 0.22 1.00       
C167 −0.15 −0.10 − 0.21 0.36 0.12 0.25 −0.02 −0.33 0.31 0.43* 0.34 −0.38* −0.55* 0.10 0.44* 0.59* 1.00      
C168 −0.18 −0.12 0.43* −0.13 − 0.34 −0.10 0.03 0.40* 0.03 0.18 −0.07 0.35 0.35 −0.31 0.05 −0.24 −0.26 1.00     
C169 0.54* −0.46* 0.09 0.04 −0.24 0.49* 0.47* 0.43* 0.77* −0.30 −0.44* − 0.58* −0.20 0.21 0.25 −0.06 0.06 −0.20 1.00    
C1610 0.01 −0.68* −0.34 0.17 −0.02 0.42* −0.07 − 0.17 0.31 0.30 0.07 −0.47* −0.43* 0.63* 0.07 0.02 0.34 0.04 0.29 1.00   
C1618 −0.59* 0.15 0.1 0.34 0.28 −0.39* −0.40* 0.16 −0.03 0.60* 0.53* 0.43* 0.30 −0.24 0.73* 0.07 0.15 0.13 −0.05 −0.12 1.00  
D9A −0.08 0.16 0.06 −0.06 −0.11 − 0.27 0.08 0.14 −0.18 0.05 0.00 0.51* 0.24 −0.50* 0.13 0.07 −0.08 0.18 −0.32 −0.47* 0.15 1.00
  1. Notes: * = p-value < 0.10
  2. B261: % of inhabitants (≥ 16 years enrolled into the Tuscan chronic care programmes; C2A2: bed occupancy rate; C11A11: chronic disease management: heart failure; C11A21: chronic disease management: diabetes; C11A31: chronic disease management: obstructive pulmonary disease; % of non-urgent, non-hospitalized patients admitted to the ward within four hours; C164: % hospitalized ED patients within eight hours; C1651A: observation unit length of stay > 48 h; C165: % admissions to the observation unit; C166: % of hospitalized ED patients from the observation unit; C168: % of ED patients hospitalized in the intensive care within 24 h; C169: % of hospitalized ED patients; C1610: % repeat admissions to the ED within 72 h; C1618: observation unit length of stay < 6 h; D9A: % patients left without being seen