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Table 1 Overview of variables and their measurement

From: Empirical development of a typology on residential long-term care units in Germany - results of an exploratory multivariate data analysis

Variable Categories Shortname
Size of the living unit Number of beds in living unit ≤15 Size 0
Number of beds in living unit > 15 Size 1
Availability of single rooms Living units do not exclusively have single rooms. SRoom 0
Living units have only single rooms. SRoom 1
Building specific for residents with dementia The living unit was not specially built for people with dementia. Build 0
The living unit was built specially for people with dementia. Build 1
Architectural segregation from other units The living unit is not located in a separate building or floor and is not separated by a closed door. Separate 0
The living unit is located in a separate building, floor or is separated by a closed door. Separate 1
Exit control The living unit is not protected by an exit control. Guarded 0
The living unit is protected by exit controls. Guarded 1
Furnishing of public rooms Furnishings are solely functional (Functional furniture is provided by the institution and designed for a special use.) Furniture 0
Furnishings are functional and individual (Individual furniture is purchased from private individuals.) Furniture 1
Opportunities to cook lunch in the living unit Lunch is not cooked in the kitchen of the living unit. Selfcook 0
Lunch is cooked in the kitchen of the living unit. Selfcook 1
Meal serving system All meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) are not served homestyle on the table (tray system, dish system, buffet system or mixed system). Mealserv 0
All meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) are served homestyle on the table. Mealserv 1
Constant assignment of nurses Nurses do not work exclusively in one designated living unit. AssignN 0
Nurses work exclusively in one designated living unit. AssignN 1
Constant assignment of service staff Service workers do not work exclusively in one designated living unit. AssignSSM 0
Service workers work exclusively in one designated living unit. AssignSSM 1
Continuous presence of a registered nurse A registered nurse is not always present during the day shift in the living unit. PresenceRN 0
A registered nurse is always present during day shift in the living unit. PresenceRN 1
Special qualification of head nurse in psychogeriatric care The head nurse of the living unit has no special qualification in psychogeriatric care. Jobqual 0
The head nurse of the living unit has a special qualification in psychogeriatric care. Jobqual 1
Additional financing regulated by a special agreement Living unit is not additionally financed. Finance 0
Living unit is additionally financed. Finance 1
Living concept Integration (residents with and without dementia live together in one living unit). Segregative 0
Segregation (residents with dementia live together in one living unit). Segregative 1
Residents-per-registered nurse ratio (defined as nurses with a minimum education of three years). The RNRatio is greater than the median (cut-off: median = 18). RNRatio 0
The RNRatio is less than or equal to the median (cut-off: median = 18). RNRatio 1
Certified nursing assistant ratio (defined as nurses with a minimum education of one year) There are no Certified nursing assistants working on the living unit. CNARatio 0
There are Certified nursing assistants working on the living unit. CNARatio 1
Residents-per- nursing assistant ratio (defined as nurses without any education) The NARatio is greater than the median (cut-off: median = 16). NARatio 0
The NARatio is less than or equal to the median (cut-off: median = 16). NARatio 1
Residents-per-service staff member ratio The SSMRatio is greater than the median (cut-off: median = 28). SSMRatio 0
The SSMRatio is less than or equal to the median (cut-off: median = 28). SSMRatio 1
Accessible outdoor area There is no accessible outdoor area. Outdoor 0
The residents can go out alone. Outdoor 1
The residents can only go out in the presence of a caregiver. Outdoor 2