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Table 3 RMNCAH issues raised at community-level bwalos and their resolution or referral to a higher level

From: A strategic approach to social accountability: Bwalo forums within the reproductive maternal and child health accountability ecosystem in Malawi

DowaZombaNkhata BayDedza
Issues identifiedPoor referral system
Poor access to RMNCAH services
Poor WASH facilities
Inadequate staff 
Inadequate or no supply of electricity 
Harmful cultural/religious practicesa  
Low capacity of local government   
Chronic shortage of drugs / supplies  
Limited space in health facilities  
 No. of issues identified39321620
No. of issues resolved at community level11634
No. of issues resolved at district level141144
No. of issues referred to national level5555
  1. Abbreviations: RMNCAH Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health, WASH Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
  2. a Issues identified as ‘harmful cultural/religious practices’ were locally specific but included topics such as child marriage and adolescent pregnancy