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Table 4 Factors associated with adherence to total calorie intake, physical exercise, betel nut and smokeless tobacco cessation, and fasting blood glucose control

From: The influence of mobile phone-based health reminders on patient adherence to medications and healthy lifestyle recommendations for effective management of diabetes type 2: a randomized control trial in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Variables   Adherence: total calorie intake
crude OR 95% CI p adjusted OR 95% CI p
Group Intervention 3.82 2.26, 6.43 0.00 4.00 2.34, 6.83 0.00
Sex Male 1.98 1.13, 3.48 0.017 1.87 1.02, 3.41 0.04
Adherence at baseline Adherent 1.43 0.84, 2.42 0.18 1.62 0.91, 2.88 0.09
Adherence: walking 5 or more days in a week
crude OR 95% CI p adjusted OR 95% CI p
Group Intervention 2.37 1.24, 4.52 0.008 3.07 1.52, 6.19 0.002
Sex Male 0.57 0.29, 1.13 0.11 0.72 0.34, 1.52 0.39
Age 25–40 years ref.    ref.   
  41–60 years 0.49 0.14, 1.71 0.26 0.40 0.11, 1.47 0.17
  > 60 years 0.12 0.03, 0.45 0.002 0.10 0.02, 0.41 0.001
Adherence at baseline Adherent 1.91 1.01, 3.62 0.045 2.37 1.18, 4.77 0.01
Adherence: did not smoke tobacco
crude OR 95% CI p adjusted OR 95% CI p
Group Intervention 5.11 2.54, 10.25 0.00 5.75 2.70,12.21 0.00
Sex Male 2.41 1.03, 5.65 0.041 1.36 0.59, 4.24 0.52
Education Up to primary level ref.    ref.   
Up to higher secondary 2.62 1.41, 4.85 0.002 2.42 1.20, 4.86 0.01
Graduation and above 5.59 0.70, 44.67 0.10 1.34 0.14,12.12 0.79
Adherence at baseline Adherent 2.79 1.48, 5.23 0.001 2.38 1.18, 4.81 0.01
Fasting blood glucose control (controlled level = < 7.0 mmol/L)
crude OR 95% CI p adjusted OR 95% CI p
Group Intervention 2.97 1.78, 4.93 0.00 3.1 1.81, 5.3 0.00
Sex Male 0.97 1.23, 1.73 0.94 1.0 0.53, 5.3 0.98
Cost total medicine > 3000 taka 0.41 0.25, 0.69 0.001 0.46 0.27, 0.79 0.005
Fasting blood glucose control at baseline   2.68 1.59, 4.50 0.00 2.97 1.71, 5.16 0.00