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Table 2 Risk factors in users of the midwifery network compared to women, who organised postpartum care themselves

From: Evaluation of a midwifery network to guarantee outpatient postpartum care: a mixed methods study

Risk factor/number of risk factorsWhole study population
n = 13,241
Users of the midwifery networka
n = 1544
Women organising postpartum care themselvesa
n = 11,697
p-value
Risk factor
Young mother < 18 years, n (%)37 (0.3)4 (0.3)33 (0.3)0.872
Multiparous women < 20 years, n (%)5 (0.1)05 (0.1)1.000b
Single mother, n (%)213 (1.7)44 (3.0)169 (1.5)< 0.001
No vocational education, n (%)1408 (11.2)374 (25.7)1′034 (9.3)< 0.001
Jobless, n (%)375 (3.4)76 (5.6)299 (3.0)< 0.001
Poverty, n (%)46 (0.5)18 (1.7)28 (0.3)< 0.001
Migration, n (%)353 (3.8)78 (7.1)275 (3.3)< 0.001
Drug abuse, n (%)3 (0.0)1 (0.1)2 (0.0)0.310b
Domestic violence or suspected child abuse, n (%)20 (0.2)3 (0.3)17 (0.2)0.501b
Depression, n (%)149 (1.6)23 (2.1)126 (1.5)0.147
Multiples, n (%)259 (2.0)44 (2.9)215 (1.8)0.007
Preterm birth, n (%)735 (5.6)119 (7.7)616 (5.3)< 0.001
Child with congenital malformation, n (%)113 (0.9)20 (1.3)93 (0.8)0.045
Number of risk factors
No risk factor, n (%)4692 (75.2)456 (57.4)4236 (77.8)< 0.001
One risk factor, n (%)1129 (18.1)232 (29.2)897 (16.5)< 0.001
Two risk factors, n (%)307 (4.9)74 (9.3)233 (4.3)< 0.001
Three or more risk factors, n (%)112 (1.8)33 (4.2)79 (1.5)< 0.001
  1. a All living in the canton of Zurich
  2. b Fisher’s exact test