Skip to main content

Table 6 Basic characteristics of PIVAS in different level of hospital

From: Construction situation, costs and charges associated with pharmacy intravenous admixture services: multi-center cross-sectional survey based on 137 medical institutions in mainland China

VariableLevel III Grade A HospitalLevel III Grade B HospitalLevel II Grade A Hospitalx2/tP
PIVAS daily average infusion volume (bag)0–1000314521.4680.006*
1001–20002259  
2001–30001531  
3001–40001560  
≥40011910  
Management modePharmacy management separately72987.4570.114
Pharmacist nurse co-manage734  
Pharmacy-based, nursing department-assisted2374  
The number of years of operations of PIVAS6.6 ± 3.875.0 ± 2.676.1 ± 4.961.4030.249
Area (m2)604.7 ± 297.3588.9 ± 241.83431.1 ± 160.672.7000.071
Number of open wards29.9 ± 21.8621.1 ± 14.0914.2 ± 8.5611.7260.003*
Number of biological safety cabinet6.6 ± 4.006.2 ± 2.674.0 ± 1.713.6130.030*
Number of horizontal laminar flow table7.8 ± 4.266.8 ± 2.504.3 ± 1.4016.6640.000*
Number of pharmacists19.3 ± 16.9713.9 ± 13.147.4 ± 6.2618.5880.000*
Number of nurses13.8 ± 6.627.3 ± 2.1418.0 ± 15.827.1110.029*
  1. *: P < 0.05