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Table 7 Effect of additional AHA on organisational outcomes

From: The effect of delegation of therapy to allied health assistants on patient and organisational outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Outcome MD (95%CI) RR (95%CI)
Duncan 2006 [28] Acute hospital LOS (days) N/A
  Acute + sub-acute hospital LOS (days) N/A  
Hastings 2014 [29] Acute hospital LOS (days) − 0.33 (− 2.04 to 1.38)
  30-day readmission 1.22 (0.48 to 3.07)
  30-day emergency visit 1.14 (0.53 to 2.44)
Jones 2006 [32] Acute hospital LOS (days) 0 (− 1.73 to 1.73)a
  Acute + sub-acute hospital LOS (days) −3.00 (− 6.30 to 0.30)a
Nolan 2008 [36] Acute hospital LOS (days) − 1.93 (− 5.49 to 1.63)
  28-day readmission 0.52 (0.18 to 1.44)
Parsons 2018 [38] Hospital LOS prior to commencement of home AHA program (days) 5.90 (− 11.25 to − 0.55)a
  Hospital LOS during re-admission in 6-months post commencement of program (days) − 5.40 (− 11.11 to 0.31)
Pengas 2015 [39] Acute hospital LOS (post elective hip arthroplasty) (days) − 0.27 (− 0.60 to 0.06)
  Acute hospital LOS (post elective knee arthroplasty) (days) − 0.41 (− 0.84 to 0.02)
Shearer 2013 [41] Acute hospital LOS (days) N/A
Siebens 2000 [42] Acute Hospital LOS (days) 1.50 (− 0.24 to 3.24)
Walsh 2015 [44] Acute Hospital LOS (days) 0 (−3.15 to 3.15)a
  1. AHA Allied health assistant, LOS Length of stay, MD Mean difference, N/A Not available or unable to be calculated, RR Risk ratio
  2. Negative MD favours additional allied health assistant group
  3. RR less than 1 favours additional allied health assistant group
  4. Bold text* indicates statistically significant difference between groups favouring allied health assistant group
  5. aMD calculated from converted medians