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Table 3 Simulation results—baseline

From: Control of unreasonable growth of medical expenses in public hospitals in Shanghai, China: a multi-agent system model

Items Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
Outpatient medical expenses Total medical expenses (CNY) 304.2 311.0 314.5
Medicine expenses (CNY) 176.5 178.1 176.1
Physical examination expenses (CNY) 35.6 36.4 37.4
Ratio of medicine to total medical expenses 58.0% 57.3% 56.0%
Ratio of physical examinations to total medical expenses 11.7% 11.7% 11.9%
Inpatient medical expenses Total medical expenses (CNY) 15,789.0 15,487.4 14,662.1
Medicine expenses (CNY) 5382.1 5166.4 4753.9
Physical examination expenses (CNY) 1005.3 1019.1 1033.8
Ratio of medicine to total medical expenses 37.0% 33.4% 32.4%
Ratio of physical examinations to total medical expenses 6.4% 6.6% 7.1%
Proportion of government’s financial subsidies to total income Tertiary comprehensive hospital 6.2% 6.2% 6.2%
Specialized hospital 9.3% 9.2% 9.1%
District hospital 9.7% 9.7% 9.7%
Community health service center 15.2% 15.6% 16.3%
Proportion of patients in a certain type of medical institution to total number of patients Tertiary comprehensive hospital 40.2% 40.2% 40.2%
Specialized hospital 1.9% 2.0% 1.9%
District hospital 44.0% 44.0% 44.0%
Community health service center 13.8% 13.9% 14.0%
Over-prescription Probability of over-prescription 50.0% 50.2% 50.0%