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Table 2 Model validation

From: Control of unreasonable growth of medical expenses in public hospitals in Shanghai, China: a multi-agent system model

  2015 2016
Simulated value Actual value Difference Simulated value Actual value Difference
Outpatient total medical expenses (CNYa) 304.2 306.9 −0.9% 311.0 330.2 −5.8%
Outpatient medicine expenses (CNYa) 176.5 168.5 4.7% 178.1 173.0 2.9%
Outpatient physical examination expenses (CNYa) 35.6 34.4 3.5% 36.4 39.0 −6.7%
Ratio of outpatient medicine to total medical expenses 58.0% 54.9% 5.6% 57.3% 52.4% 9.4%
Ratio of outpatient physical examinations to total medical expenses 11.7% 11.2% 4.5% 11.7% 11.8% −0.8%
Inpatient total medical expenses (CNYa) 15,789.0 15,935.7 −0.9% 15,487.4 16,942.5 −8.6%
Inpatient medicine expenses (CNYa) 5382.1 5523.7 −2.6% 5166.4 5584.0 −7.5%
Inpatient physical examination expenses (CNYa) 1005.3 933.9 7.6% 1019.1 1033.1 −1.4%
Ratio of inpatient medicine to total medical expenses 37.0% 34.1% 1.7% 33.4% 33.0% 1.2%
Ratio of inpatient physical examination to total medical expenses 6.4% 5.9% 8.5% 6.6% 6.1% 8.2%
  1. aCNY Chinese Yuan (currency unit)