Skip to main content

Table 2 Estimates of the number of latent populations, proportion of hospitals attributed to each population, frailties and hazard ratios for each transition in the HF application. (HR denotes hazard ratio and S.E. denotes standard error

From: Evaluating the effect of healthcare providers on the clinical path of heart failure patients through a semi-Markov, multi-state model

 Cox with nonparametric frailty
ParametersAdm. → Disch.Adm. → DeathDisch. → Adm.Disch. → Death
 AIC: 5AIC: 3AIC: 4AIC: 3
KBIC: 5BIC: 3BIC: 4BIC: 1
 Laird: 8Laird: 7Laird: 7Laird: 5
 \(\pi _{1}^{1} = \) 0.14   
 \(\pi _{2}^{1} = \) 0.23\(\pi _{1}^{2} = \) 0.38\(\pi _{1}^{3} = \) 0.18 
π\(\pi _{3}^{1} = \) 0.40\(\pi _{2}^{2} = \) 0.47\(\pi _{2}^{3} = \) 0.33\(\pi _{1}^{4} = 1\)
 \(\pi _{4}^{1} = \) 0.15\(\pi _{3}^{2} = \) 0.15\(\pi _{3}^{3} = \) 0.36 
 \(\pi _{5}^{1} = \) 0.08 \(\pi _{4}^3 = \) 0.13 
 1   
 1.4511 
frailty ratio1.761.501.771
 2.272.412.38 
 2.93 2.91 
HR AGE (S.E.)0.99(4.01 10−4)1.05(1.47 10−3)1.02 (7.40 10−4)1.07(8.92 10−4)
HR SEX (S.E.)1.07(8.82 10−3)1.21 (2.50 10−2)1.26 (1.51 10−2)1.24(1.51 10−2)
HR 3COM (S.E.)0.76 (8.77 10−3)0.88 (2.50 10−2)1.55(1.50 10−2)1.45(1.47 10−2)
HR NPRO (S.E.)0.69 (6.56 10−3)0.65(2.29 10−2)0.87(1.15 10−2)0.76 (1.45 10−2)