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Table 4 Multilevel multinomial logistic regression (relative risk ratiod)

From: Relationship of place of death with care capacity and accessibility: a multilevel population study of system effects on place of death in Norway

  Home versus hospital death Nursing home versus hospital death Home versus nursing home death
Individual level
Gender (Ref = Men)
  Women 0.84c 1.32c 0.66c
Age (Ref = 90+ years)
  0–49 years 1.80c 0.04c 46.30c
  50–59 years 2.03c 0.08c 26.4c
  60–69 years 1.64c 0.13c 13.43c
  70–79 years 1.2c 0.25c 4.73c
  80–89 years 0.89c 0.49c 1.82c
Marital status (Ref = Unmarried)
  Married 0.7c 0.57c 1.22c
  Widowed 0.83c 0.82c 0.99
  Divorced 1.02 0.84c 1.14c
Cause of death (Ref = Other)
  Cancer 0.49c 1.23c 0.37c
  Dementia 4.08c 16.01c 0.25c
  Circulation 1.16c 0.86c 1.44c
  Respiratory 0.73c 0.99 0.77c
  External 1.73c 0.58c 2.54c
Municipal level
Population characteristics (context)
  Death rate 1.01 1.01 1.00
  Age 67–79 years 1.02 1.04b 0.99
  Age 80–89 years 0.94a 0.98 0.97
  Age 90+ years 1.08 1.07 1.03
  Married 1.00 0.98c 1.01c
  Female employment 0.99c 1.01c 0.98c
  Population 5–99,000 0.99 0.99 1.01
  Population 10–19,999 0.89b 0.93 0.97
  Population 20–49,999 0.89a 0.93 0.95
  Population 50,000+ 0.92 0.89 1.03
Accessibilitye
  Ttt municipal centre (average, minutes) 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Hospital in municipality 0.83c 0.79c 1.05
  Ttt local hospitalf 1.02c 1.02c 1.00
  Ttt local+ hospitalf 0.99b 0.98c 1.01b
  Ttt regional hospitalf 1.00 1.00 1.00
Capacity
  Nurses in LTC 1.03a 1.08c 0.96c
  Relative size home care (%budget/10) 1.03a 0.96c 1.07c
  Nursing home beds (per 100 pop 80+ years) 0.98c 1.00 0.98c
Hospital level
Capacity
  Hospital beds 0.99 0.92c 1.09c
  Constant 0.91 5.1c 0.20c
  1. aSignificance at 0.1 level, bSignificance at 0.05 level, cSignificance at 0.01 level
  2. dMean of 100 20% samples. Four levels: Decedent (N = 69,887) within Year (2003–2011) within Municipality (N = 423–428) within Hospital district (N = 43)
  3. eTtt, Travel time to
  4. fMeasured in units of 15 min