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Table 3 Descriptive statistics (municipal and hospital district-level variables; years 2003–2011)

From: Relationship of place of death with care capacity and accessibility: a multilevel population study of system effects on place of death in Norway

  Mean Standard deviation
Municipal level (N = 3837 [= number of municipalities times number of years])
 Death rate (per 1000 population) 10.5 3.3
 Age 67–79 years (per 100 population) 9.8 2.0
 Age 80–89 years (per 100 population) 4.7 1.3
 Age 90+ years (per 100 population) 0.9 0.4
 Married (per 100 population aged 18+ years) 48.6 4.9
 Female employment (> 30 h/week) (per 100 women aged 16–66) years) 39.1 6.3
 Population 5–99,000 21.0a  
 Population 10–19,999 13.2a  
 Population 20–49,999 8.1a  
 Population 50,000+ 3.0a  
 Travel time to municipal centre (average, minutes) 9.0 6.9
 Hospital located in municipality 12.2a  
 Travel time to local hospitalb 71.8 68.5
 Travel time to local+ hospitalb 149.5 163.1
 Travel time to regional hospitalb 244.4 181.5
 Nurses in LTC (per 100 population aged 67+ years) 3.9 1.4
 Relative size homecare (% labour costs) 49.2 13.8
 Nursing home beds (per 100 population aged 80+ years) 21.5 8.2
Hospital level (N = 387 [= number of hospital districts times number of years])
 Hospital beds (somatic beds, per 1000 population) 2.6 0.8
  1. LTC long-term care
  2. aPercentage, bAverage minutes from municipal centre