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Table 1 APEASE criteria (adapted from [17])

From: Development of a complex community pharmacy intervention package using theory-based behaviour change techniques to improve older adults’ medication adherence

APEASE criterionDescriptionConsiderations for the target setting and audience
AffordabilityCosts associated with the design and delivery of each proposed BCT delivery format should be considered by intervention designers.Due to the financial constraints associated with research and community pharmacies, key costs, such as those associated with technology were considered.
PracticabilityThe practicality of the design and delivery processes for each proposed BCT delivery format should be considered by intervention designers.The practicality of preparing and delivering the BCTs via each proposed format in community pharmacies was considered (e.g. the time and input required from the research team and community pharmacists).
Effectiveness/cost-effectivenessIntervention designers should consider the cost-effectiveness and effectiveness of delivering the BCT using each proposed format, where sufficient evidence is available.This criterion was not applied in the current study due to the lack of evidence available on the effectiveness of each BCT in relation to improving adherence in older adults.
AcceptabilityThe likely acceptability of each proposed BCT delivery format from the view point of intervention recipients and providers should be considered by intervention designers.The likely acceptability of delivery formats from the viewpoints of patients and community pharmacists were considered (e.g. potential time required to complete documentation).
Side effects/safetyThe potential for side effects or safety issues associated with BCT delivery formats should be considered by intervention designers.This criterion was not applied in the current study due to the lack of evidence currently available on the safety of each BCT in relation to improving adherence in older adults.
EquityThe potential reach of the intervention to disadvantaged groups should be considered by intervention designers when selecting BCT delivery formats.The likely reach of the intervention to disadvantaged groups of older patients (e.g. those with low literacy levels) was considered.