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Table 5 Pearson’s chi square test (public patient vs private patient type admission) for respondents with private health cover

From: Selection of private or public hospital care: examining the care-seeking behaviour of patients with private health insurance

FactorsValid casesPrivate patients (in Public & Private hospital)Public patient in a public hospitalPearson Chi-sqValid casesPrivate patients (in Public & Private hospital)Public patient in a public hospitalPearson Chi-sq
 20092013
Age863  15.75 (0.000)1196  41.57 (0.000)
 Age < 45 69.130.9  67.532.5
 Age 45–65 74.624.5  83.116.9
 Age > 65 83.816.2  84.016.0
Education level863  1.06 (0.170)1196  0.70 (0.402)
  > High school 76.024.0  78.621.4
  ≤ High school 72.927.1  76.523.5
Household DY863  10.01 (0.018)1196  19.92 (0.000)
 Low income 74.026.0  79.220.8
 Lower middle 70.829.2  65.934.1
 Higher middle 71.828.2  79.021.0
 High income 83.416.6  81.019.0
Birthplace863  2.42 (0.120)1187  1.39 (0.237)
 Australia 75.025.0  76.523.5
 Other country 61.538.5  80.219.8
Gender863  0.88 (0.347)1196  6.27 (0.012)
 Female 75.824.2  74.925.1
 Male 73.027.0  81.218.8
Marital status863  8.88 (0.003)1196  10.01 (0.002)
 Currently married 78.121.9  80.419.6
 All other situations 69.031.0  72.527.5
BMI863  2.58 (0.460)1196  10.27 (0.016)
 BMI = < 18.5 70.629.4  70.729.3
 BMI 18.6–24.9 73.526.5  74.725.3
 BMI 25–29.9 75.424.6  81.618.4
BMI= >  30 78.022.0  79.120.9
Remoteness863  4.21 (0.040)1196  0.06 (0.805)
 Major city 76.923.1  77.522.5
 Other places 70.629.4  76.823.2
Long-term health conditions862  0.52 (0.471)1195  7.98 (0.005)
 No 73.626.4  74.125.9
 Yes 75.824.2  80.919.1
Physical activity per week764  6.05 (0.048)1067  0.52 (0.770)
 Less than once 73.027.0  78.721.3
 1–3 times 79.820.2  76.523.5
 More than 3 71.228.8  77.122.9
Smoking frequency860   1052  7.27 (0.026)
 Non-smoker     78.621.4
 Occasional smoker     63.037.0
 Regular smoker     68.231.8
Self-assessed health760  2.04 (0.727)1065  9.36 (0.530)
 Excellent 78.821.2  63.936.1
 Very good 78.221.8  76.623.4
 Good 73.326.7  78.022.0
 Fair 74.525.5  80.619.4
 Poor 75.924.1  80.020.0
Kessler PDS risk768  6.14 (0.105)1063  3.29 (0.350)
 Low 77.622.4  79.320.7
 Moderate 73.027.0  75.724.3
 High 73.226.8  75.025.0
 Very high 61.938.1  71.728.3
Financial risk-taking attitude    1045  16.04 (0.003)
 Never takes risk     74.525.4
 Takes average risks     86.913.0
 Takes sizeable risks     53.846.2
Full-time student863  0.06 (0.806)1196  15.31 (0.000)
 Yes 76.323.7  57.142.1
 No 74.525.5  78.421.6
State863  5.05 (0.653)1196  17.24 (0.016)
 NSW 75.624.4  79.320.7
 VIC 78.521.5  81.918.1
 QLD 72.727.3  75.324.7
 SA 69.130.9  69.130.9
 WA 74.225.8  79.720.3
Health shocks574  4.39 (0.036)1054  12.03 (0.001)
 Yes 73.226.8  84.915.1
 No 80.119.9  88.311.7
Financial distress574  0.14 (0.71)1065  35.52 (0.000)
 Yes 75.224.8  73.826.2
 No 77.622.4  88.111.9
  1. Note: Data from HILDA survey 2009 and 2013. P-values are in the parenthesis. Values in percentage. Here, DY means disposable income. Low income is DY<$63,746), lower middle income is DY = $63,746 to $100,757, higher middle income is $100,758 to $144,848) and high income is DY>$144,849. The variable financial risk-taking attitude was not available in 2009. Tasmania, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory had patient count less than 25. Hence, these data are not reported in the table. PDS means psychological distress scale. Identical questions regarding smoking habit and financial risk-taking attitude are not available between 2009 and 2013