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Table 1 Included articles in review

From: Home care quality indicators based on the Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (RAI-HC): a systematic review

1st author, Year of publicationCountryStudy aimStudy population (sample size)Name of QI setNumber of QIsDevelopment and validation process of QI set
Hirdes, 2004 [37]Canada and USATo develop home care QIs based on RAI-HC.Persons receiving home care services for at least 30 days (n = 14,293 clients)interRAI’s 1st generation QI setTotal: 22 Outcome: 19 Process: 3Step 1: Identification of candidate QIs based on literature review, focus groups and expert meetings.
Step 2: Ranking of QIs by investigators.
Step 3: Empirical testing of QIs (denominator size, relative frequency and variation) and development of risk adjustment based on cross-national data.
Dalby, 2005 [38]CanadaTo explore the effect of risk adjustment for interRAI’s 1st generation QI set.Persons aged 18 years and older receiving home care services (n = 22 HCOs)interRAI’s 1st generation QI setTotal: 22 Outcome: 19 Process: 3No QI development, but investigation of three approaches of risk adjustment and comparison of unadjusted and risk-adjusted QI rates.
Burla, 2010 [29]SwitzerlandTo develop and examine home care QIs based on RAI-HC for Switzerland.Persons aged 18 years and older receiving home care services (n = 1808 clients, 45 HCOs)Swiss RAI-HC QI setTotal: 29 Outcome: 27 Process: 2Step 1: Identification of candidate QIs based on interRAI’s 1st generation QI set and development of new QIs for the Swiss context.
Step 2: Rating of QIs in focus groups with health care professionals (nominal group technique).
Step 3: Empirical testing of QIs (denominator size, relative frequency and variation) based on Swiss home care data.
Step 4: Interrater reliability testing of subset of QIs.
Morris, 2013 [30]Europe, Canada, USATo develop 2nd generation home care QIs based on RAI-HC.Persons aged 65 years and older receiving home care services (n = 335,544 clients, 1654 HCOs)interRAI’s 2nd generation QI setTotal: 23 Outcome: 22 Process: 1Step 1: Identification of candidate QIs based on interRAI’s 1st generation QI set and QIs from other settings.
Step 2: Evaluation of QIs by representatives of HCOs in one-on-one discussions and focus groups. Review of QIs by interRAI’s cross-national program development committee.
Step 3: Empirical testing of QIs (denominator size, relative frequency, variation, factor analysis) and development of risk adjustment based on cross-national data.
  1. Abbreviations: QI Quality indicator, RAI-HC Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care, HCO Home care organization
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