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Table 3 Healthcare Utilization by Type of Clinic Visited, Visits per Patient per Quarter, Pre- and Post-Intervention

From: Community-based outreach associated with increased health utilization among Navajo individuals living with diabetes: a matched cohort study

  Intervention PatientsControl Patients
Clinic N1MeanStandard Deviation95% CIN1MeanStandard Deviation95% CI
Community EncountersPre-1070.24660.3572(0.1789, 0.3142)4970.1220.3035(0.0953, 0.1486)
Post860.71480.921(0.5202, 0.9095)4130.32860.69(0.2621, 0.3952)
Counseling/ BehaviorPre-1330.20940.3824(0.1445, 0.2744)15480.10660.2535(0.094, 0.1192)
Post1290.51260.7001(0.3918, 0.6335)15950.34940.5511(0.3223, 0.3764)
DentalPre-690.10060.1555(0.0639, 0.1373)13940.13880.2204(0.1272, 0.1503)
Post780.32860.4353(0.232, 0.4252)14170.45580.5582(0.4268, 0.4849)
EmergencyPre-1400.29570.5083(0.2115, 0.3799)21600.22460.375(0.2088, 0.2404)
Post1280.57960.7362(0.4521, 0.7072)21350.51480.5741(0.4905, 0.5392)
InpatientPre-980.37151.0585(0.1619, 0.581)14690.25690.4078(0.2361, 0.2778)
Post860.87351.1195(0.6369, 1.1101)14450.80561.0444(0.7518, 0.8595)
Primary Care OutpatientPre-1590.55550.6957(0.4473, 0.6636)25410.41290.4029(0.3972, 0.4285)
Post1591.37361.0466(1.2109, 1.5362)25901.21590.8605(1.1827, 1.249)
Specialty Care OutpatientPre-1610.47330.6338(0.3753, 0.5712)26720.38830.5745(0.3665, 0.4101)
Post1611.23091.362(1.0205, 1.4413)26350.99881.1018(0.9567, 1.0409)
TotalPre-1721.49831.2403(1.313, 1.6837)28511.0920.8239(1.0618, 1.1223)
Post1734.39823.2826(3.9091, 4.8874)28703.39852.3366(3.313, 3.484)
  1. 1 Number of patients with at least one visit in the 24 months prior to enrollment and at least one visit in the 24 months following enrollment