Skip to main content

Table 1 Theoretical domains framework and COM-B domains (adapted from Michie et al., 2014 [10])

From: Understanding hand hygiene behaviour in the intensive care unit to inform interventions: an interview study

COM-BTDF DomainDefinition
CapabilityKnowledgeAn awareness of the existence of something.
SkillsAn ability or proficiency acquired through practice.
Beliefs about capabilitiesAcceptance of the truth, reality, or validity about outcomes of a behaviour in a given situation.
Behavioural regulationAnything aimed at managing or changing objectively observed or measured actions.
Memory, attention, & decision processesThe ability to retain information, focus selectively on aspects of the environment and choose between two or more alternatives.
OpportunitySocial influencesThose interpersonal processes that can cause individuals to change their thoughts, feelings, or behaviours.
Environmental context and resourcesAny circumstance of a person’s situation or environment that discourages or encourages the development of skills and abilities, independence, social competence and adaptive behaviour.
MotivationSocial/professional role and identityA coherent set of behaviours and displayed personal qualities of an individual in a social or work setting.
OptimismThe confidence that things will happen for the best or that desired goals will be attained.
IntentionsA conscious decision to perform a behaviour or a resolve to act in a certain way.
GoalsMental representations of outcomes or end states that an individual wants to achieve.
Beliefs about consequencesAcceptance of the truth, reality or validity about an ability, talent or facility that a person can put to constructive use.
ReinforcementIncreasing the probability of a response by arranging a dependent relationship, or contingency, between the response and a given stimulus.
EmotionA complex reaction pattern, involving experiential, behavioural, and physiological elements, by which the individual attempts to deal with a personally significant matter or event.