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Table 4 Rate of harmful hospitalization, by patient linguistic group and hospital language*

From: The impact of hospital language on the rate of in-hospital harm. A retrospective cohort study of home care recipients in Ontario, Canada

Hospital LanguagePatient Linguistic GroupP value
Anglophone (N = 83,515)Francophone (N = 16,873)Allophone (N = 6491)
Overall Harmful Hospitalizations5255 (6.29%)1038 (6.15%)495 (7.63%)<  0.001
Harmful Hospitalizations by Hospital Language    
 English-speaking (N = 147)3318 (5.96%)309 (6.75%)243 (6.50%)0.048
 Bilingual (N = 12)1937 (6.96%)729 (5.93%)252 (9.16%)<  0.001
P value†<  0.0010.048<  0.001 
  1. * Bold values denote significance at the 0.05 level
  2. † Proportions of harmful hospitalizations were compared across patient linguistic groups and hospital language using chi-squared tests