Skip to main content

Table 2 Functional status & health characteristics of hospitalized home care, by patient linguistic group

From: The impact of hospital language on the rate of in-hospital harm. A retrospective cohort study of home care recipients in Ontario, Canada

Functional Status & Health CharacteristicAnglophone (N = 38,975)Francophone (N = 8053)Allophone (N = 3239)P value*
Number of Chronic Conditions – mean +/− s.d.4.26 ± 2.044.33 ± 2.094.22 ± 1.980.010
Charlson Comorbidity Index – mean +/− s.d.2.07 ± 2.152.07 ± 2.092.13 ± 2.080.319
Activities of Daily Living Scale – no. (%)
 Independent24,356 (62.5%)4986 (61.9%)1637 (50.5%)<  0.001
 Supervision Required4142 (10.6%)869 (10.8%)415 (12.8%) 
 Limited Impairment5546 (14.2%)1184 (14.7%)588 (18.2%) 
 Extensive Assistance Required (1)2422 (6.2%)529 (6.6%)287 (8.9%) 
 Extensive Assistance Required (2)1450 (3.7%)283 (3.5%)180 (5.6%) 
 Dependent885 (2.3%)173 (2.1%)101 (3.1%) 
 Total Dependence174 (0.4%)29 (0.4%)31 (1.0%) 
Cognitive Performance Scale – no. (%)
 Intact15,555 (39.9%)3087 (38.3%)984 (30.4%)<  0.001
 Borderline Intact6634 (17.0%)1413 (17.5%)558 (17.2%) 
 Mild Impairment6830 (17.5%)1513 (18.8%)615 (19.0%) 
 Moderate Impairment8218 (21.1%)1626 (20.2%)808 (24.9%) 
 Moderate Severe Impairment577 (1.5%)109 (1.4%)94 (2.9%) 
 Severe Impairment1029 (2.6%)279 (3.5%)149 (4.6%) 
 Very Severe Impairment132 (0.3%)26 (0.3%)31 (1.0%) 
CHESS Score – no. (%)
 No Health Instability8095 (20.8%)1589 (19.7%)689 (21.3%)0.213
 Minimal Health Instability11,570 (29.7%)2370 (29.4%)977 (30.2%) 
 Low Health Instability10,969 (28.1%)2302 (28.6%)919 (28.4%) 
 Moderate Health Instability6575 (16.9%)1403 (17.4%)496 (15.3%) 
 High Health Instability1681 (4.3%)369 (4.6%)151 (4.7%) 
 Very High Health Instability85 (0.2%)20 (0.2%)7 (0.2%) 
  1. Note: CHESS Changes in Health, End-Stage Disease, Signs, and Symptoms, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  2. * Functional status & health characteristics were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA) for continuous variables and chi-squared tests for categorical variables