Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of hospitalized home care recipients, by patient linguistic group

From: The impact of hospital language on the rate of in-hospital harm. A retrospective cohort study of home care recipients in Ontario, Canada

Baseline CharacteristicAnglophone (N = 38,975)Francophone (N = 8053)Allophone (N = 3239)P value*
Age at admission (years) – mean +/− s.d.76.6 ± 13.177.1 ± 11.980.6 ± 9.2<  0.001
Sex – no. (%)
 Female – no. (%)22,458 (57.6%)4765 (59.2%)1842 (56.9%)0.002
 Male – no. (%)16,517 (42.4%)3288 (40.8%)1397 (43.1%) 
Marital Status – no. (%)
 Not Married22,812 (58.5%)4801 (59.6%)1770 (54.6%)<  0.001
 Married or Common-Law15,503 (39.8%)3133 (38.9%)1446 (44.6%) 
 Other660 (1.7%)119 (1.5%)23 (0.7%) 
Education – no. (%)
 Less than High School13,179 (33.8%)4268 (53.0%)1419 (43.8%)<  0.001
 High School6566 (16.8%)833 (10.3%)251 (7.7%) 
 Some Post-Secondary5598 (14.4%)697 (8.7%)242 (7.5%) 
 University Graduate3994 (10.2%)425 (5.3%)212 (6.5%) 
 Missing9638 (24.7%)1830 (22.7%)1115 (34.4%) 
Income Quintile – no. (%)
 1 (lowest)10,054 (25.8%)2313 (28.7%)883 (27.3%)<  0.001
 27981 (20.5%)1857 (23.1%)672 (20.7%) 
 37446 (19.1%)1615 (20.1%)580 (17.9%) 
 47328 (18.8%)1303 (16.2%)576 (17.8%) 
 5 (highest)6051 (15.5%)944 (11.7%)513 (15.8%) 
 Missing115 (0.3%)21 (0.3%)15 (0.5%) 
Urban/Rural Residence – no. (%)
 Urban28,089 (72.1%)5420 (67.3%)2867 (88.5%)<  0.001
 Rural10,868 (27.9%)2630 (32.7%)372 (11.5%) 
 Missing18 (0.0%)< 5 (0.0%)N/A 
  1. * Baseline characteristics were compared using analysis of variance (ANOVA) for continuous variables and chi-squared tests for categorical variables