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Table 3 Multilevel model results of NMR, IMR, and U5MR among the entire population in urban districts of Guangdong province

From: The association between the supply and utilization of community-based primary care and child health in a context of hospital-oriented healthcare system in urban districts of Guangdong, China: a panel dataset, 2014–2016

Variable NMR IMR U5MR
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Number of PCPs per 10,000 population 0.003 (0.039) 0.047 (0.043) 0.024 (0.044) −0.015 (0.048) 0.041 (0.055) 0.006 (0.055) −0.006 (0.065) 0.088 (0.073) 0.052 (0.074)
Visit proportion to primary care, % −0.009 (0.009) − 0.033b (0.014) − 0.038b (0.015) − 0.008 (0.011) − 0.038b (0.018) − 0.041b (0.018) −0.011 (0.015) − 0.061b (0.024) −0.068a (0.025)
Number of physicians working in district-level hospitals per 10,000 population −0.148b (0.070) −0.179b (0.072) − 0.182b (0.087) −0.223b (0.087) − 0.306a (0.117) −0.366a (0.118)
Tertiary hospitals in the district −0.046 (0.217) 0.082 (0.221) −0.196 (0.259) −0.095 (0.255) − 0.286 (0.349) −0.151 (0.351)
GDP per capita (CNY 10,000/USD 1586.34) 0.011 (0.020) 0.026 (0.025) 0.021 (0.034)
Population density (1000 per square kilometer) −0.028 (0.023) −0.030 (0.029) − 0.047 (0.039)
Children aged between 0 and 6, % 0.049 (0.030) 0.106a (0.034) 0.116b (0.047)
Pregnant women with rural registration, % 0.009 (0.006) 0.010 (0.007) 0.010 (0.010)
2015 −0.304b (0.137) −0.296b (0.137) − 0.261 (0.140) −0.407a (0.155) − 0.396b (0.154) −0.352b (0.154) − 0.478b (0.214) −0.460b (0.211) − 0.406 (0.214)
2016 −0.186 (0.143) − 0.174 (0.150) −0.179 (0.150) − 0.200 (0.163) −0.159 (0.171) − 0.167 (0.167) −0.290 (0.225) − 0.230 (0.232) −0.234 (0.232)
Constant 2.306a (0.588) 4.361a (1.146) 4.205a (1.293) 3.190a (0.781) 5.744a (1.428) 5.121a (1.569) 4.116a (1.021) 8.369a (1.906) 8.158a (2.125)
Observations 178 178 178 178 178 178 178 178 178
  1. a 1% b 5% Standard errors are in the parentheses