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Table 3 Multilevel model results of NMR, IMR, and U5MR among the entire population in urban districts of Guangdong province

From: The association between the supply and utilization of community-based primary care and child health in a context of hospital-oriented healthcare system in urban districts of Guangdong, China: a panel dataset, 2014–2016

VariableNMRIMRU5MR
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 1Model 2Model 3
Number of PCPs per 10,000 population0.003 (0.039)0.047 (0.043)0.024 (0.044)−0.015 (0.048)0.041 (0.055)0.006 (0.055)−0.006 (0.065)0.088 (0.073)0.052 (0.074)
Visit proportion to primary care, %−0.009 (0.009)− 0.033b (0.014)− 0.038b (0.015)− 0.008 (0.011)− 0.038b (0.018)− 0.041b (0.018)−0.011 (0.015)− 0.061b (0.024)−0.068a (0.025)
Number of physicians working in district-level hospitals per 10,000 population−0.148b (0.070)−0.179b (0.072)− 0.182b (0.087)−0.223b (0.087)− 0.306a (0.117)−0.366a (0.118)
Tertiary hospitals in the district−0.046 (0.217)0.082 (0.221)−0.196 (0.259)−0.095 (0.255)− 0.286 (0.349)−0.151 (0.351)
GDP per capita (CNY 10,000/USD 1586.34)0.011 (0.020)0.026 (0.025)0.021 (0.034)
Population density (1000 per square kilometer)−0.028 (0.023)−0.030 (0.029)− 0.047 (0.039)
Children aged between 0 and 6, %0.049 (0.030)0.106a (0.034)0.116b (0.047)
Pregnant women with rural registration, %0.009 (0.006)0.010 (0.007)0.010 (0.010)
2015−0.304b (0.137)−0.296b (0.137)− 0.261 (0.140)−0.407a (0.155)− 0.396b (0.154)−0.352b (0.154)− 0.478b (0.214)−0.460b (0.211)− 0.406 (0.214)
2016−0.186 (0.143)− 0.174 (0.150)−0.179 (0.150)− 0.200 (0.163)−0.159 (0.171)− 0.167 (0.167)−0.290 (0.225)− 0.230 (0.232)−0.234 (0.232)
Constant2.306a (0.588)4.361a (1.146)4.205a (1.293)3.190a (0.781)5.744a (1.428)5.121a (1.569)4.116a (1.021)8.369a (1.906)8.158a (2.125)
Observations178178178178178178178178178
  1. a 1% b 5% Standard errors are in the parentheses