Skip to main content

Table 5 Association between need, predisposing and enabling factors and treatment-seeking for depression among adults with probable depression in Sehore sub-district, 2013–2016

From: Health care use and treatment-seeking for depression symptoms in rural India: an exploratory cross-sectional analysis

 Total seeking treatment (n)Prevalence of treatment-seeking,
% (95% CI)
Prevalence ratio (95% CI)p-value
Need factors
 Symptom severity (total current PHQ score)
10–1450/45011.5 (8.5–15.5)1< 0.01
15–1920/10720.7 (13.2–30.8)1.79 (1.11–2.88)
≥ 205/1139.5 (12.8–74.5)3.42 (1.33–8.81)
 Tiredness/lack of energy
< 7 days in past 2 weeks10/1187.3 (3.8–13.5)10.03
≥ 7 days in past 2 weeks65/45015.7 (11.7–20.6)2.14 (1.08–4.24)
 Lack of interest or pleasure
< 7 days in past 2 weeks26/2799.7 (6.3–14.7)10.01
≥ 7 days in past 2 weeks49/28917.6 (13.2–23.2)1.82 (1.16–2.85)
 Low self-esteem / feeling like a failure
< 7 days in past 2 weeks51/44511.5 (8.5–15.3)1< 0.01
≥ 7 days in past 2 weeks24/12322.4 (15.2–31.9)1.96 (1.28–3.00)
 Slow movements / restlessness
< 7 days in past 2 weeks51/44912.2 (8.9–16.5)10.01
≥ 7 days in past 2 weeks24/11920.1 (14.4–29.3)1.65 (1.13–2.39)
Predisposing factors
 Marital status
Single / separated / widowed7/1075.9 (2.7–12.2)10.02
Married68/46115.7 (11.9–20.6)2.67 (1.19–5.99)
Enabling factors
 Spoken to someone about these problems
No13/3523.9 (2.2–7.0)1< 0.001
Yes62/21629.4 (23.1–36.5)7.50 (4.11–13.68)
 Services don’t have medications I need
No55/47311.9 (8.7–16.2)10.01
Yes20/9524.4 (15.9–35.6)1.99 (1.19–3.32)
 Services frequently run out of medications
No56/48711.9 (8.4–16.7)10.01
Yes19/8123.6 (16.3–33.0)2.05 (1.23–3.39)
  1. Counts reported as observed. Prevalence ratios, percentages and P-values are design adjusted
  2. This table presents data for only those factors for which there was evidence suggestive of an association with treatment-seeking for depression (P < 0.05). See the supplementary material for full set of findings