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Table 4 Summary of included studies

From: Access to appropriate health care for non-English speaking migrant families with a newborn/young child: a systematic scoping literature review

Author/YearCountryAimStudy designTarget populationHealth care service focusPerspectiveNumber of participants/genderQuality appraisal score
Descriptive studies of enablers/barriers to health care access
 Balaam et al. 2016 [17]England, UKTo explore the experiences of voluntary sector workers supporting asylum seeking and refugee women during pregnancy and early motherhoodQualitativePregnant refugees and asylum seekers (but authors interviewed workers who work directly with this client group instead due to difficulty in accessing the women directly)Maternity and postnatal servicesVoluntary workers19 individuals (3 focus groups and 1 interview)- gender not specified7/10
 Chu et al. 2005 [18]Brisbane, AustraliaTo examine the postnatal experience and support needs of Chinese migrant women in BrisbaneQualitativeChinese migrant women in AustraliaPostnatal servicesPatients (women)55 women (face-to-face and telephone interviews); field groups to selected community organisations and focus group discussions (participants not specified)8/10
 Gagnon et al. 2010 [19]Montreal, CanadaTo explore the inhibitors and facilitators for migrant women who have recently given birth following through on referrals made in the community by nurses for additional care for their baby and/or themselvesQualitativeWomen with migration histories who have recently given birthPostnatal servicesPatients (women)25/75 women (group and individual interviews)7/10
 Renzaho et al. 2013 [20]Dandenong, AustraliaTo explore the views and perceptions of migrant women in Dandenong, Australia about sociocultural barriers and health needs during pregnancy and in the postnatal period, and to identify potential solutions to address such barriersQualitativeMigrant lactating mothers, with at least one child aged < 3 years (Afghani, African, Chinese and Middle Eastern)Maternity and postnatal servicesPatients (women)5 focus group discussions with 35 migrant mothers8/10
 Riggs et al. 2014 [21]Melbourne, AustraliaTo explore the experiences of dental service use from the perspective of migrant mothersQualitativeMigrant mothers living in Melbourne from Iraq, Lebanon and PakistanOral healthPatients (women)11 focus groups and interviews with 115 women8/10
 Riggs et al. 2016 b [22]Melbourne, AustraliaTo explore the experiences of Afghan men of refugee background having a baby in Melbourne, and the reflections of health professionals about the role of men in maternity and early childhood careQualitativeAfghan men of refugee background who had had a baby in Melbourne in the previous monthMaternity and postnatal servicesPatients (men) and health professionals14 Afghan men (interviews); 34 health professionals (interviews and focus groups)9/10
 Yelland et al.b 2014 [23]Melbourne, AustraliaTo explore the responsiveness of health services to the social and mental health of Afghan women and men who had recently had a babyQualitativeAfghan women and men who had recently had a baby in MelbourneMaternity and postnatal servicesPatients (women and men) and health professionals30 interviews with Afghan women and men; interviews and focus groups with 34 health professionals; consultation with 100 members of the Afghan community8/10
Studies which evaluate an intervention
 Gibbs et al. 2015 [24]aMelbourne, AustraliaTo establish and evaluate a model for child oral health promotion for families with migrant backgroundsProgram evaluation (pre/post) with comparison groupFamilies with 1–4-year-old children, from Iraqi, Lebanese or Pakistani backgrounds)Oral healthN/A521 families (691 children) at baseline; 275 families (365 children) at follow up (53%)9/9
 Harrison et al. 2003 [25]British Columbia, CanadaTo design, implement and evaluate an oral health promotion program for Vietnamese pre-school children in CanadaProgram evaluation (pre/post) with comparison groupVietnamese mothers with children under 5 years of age living in CanadaOral healthN/A112 mothers at baseline (who had more than one counselling session), 66/112 (59%) at follow-up5/9
  1. aGibbs study also reports on barriers
  2. b Related papers: one focuses on migrant women and men; the other focuses solely on migrant men