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Table 2 Baseline and endline survey questionnaires for the Optimizing the Health Extension Program intervention evaluation

From: Protocol for the evaluation of a complex intervention aiming at increased utilisation of primary child health services in Ethiopia: a before and after study in intervention and comparison areas

Questionnaire modules Content
Household module
N = 6000
• Location of household using global positioning system (GPS) coordinates
• Members of household
• Characteristics of the house and assets a
• Women of reproductive age
• Birth history
• Use of maternal and perinatal health services
• Knowledge of child diseases and danger signs
• Care seeking and treatment for child illness
• Preventive behaviour
Health post module
N = 200
Halth centre moduleb
• Location of health post and health centre using GPS coordinates
• Facility-level preparedness to provide child health services
• Data extracted from registers
• Supportive supervision and mentorship from health centres to health posts
Health extension worker module c • Knowledge on newborn and child health care
• Training, supervision, mentorship
• Services provided to newborns and children
Health centre staff module d • Knowledge on newborn and child health care
• Training, supervision
• Services provided
• Working conditions
Health provider assessment of the quality of care for a sick child module
N = 800
• Observation and re-examination of Health Extension Workers’ assessment, classification, and treatment of sick children at health post
Women’s development army module
N = 200
• Training
• Knowledge
• Activities in promoting maternal, newborn, and child health
Woreda contextual factors module
N = 52
• Demography
• Maternal, newborn and child health programs
• District resources and infrastructure
• Training and supervision activities,
• Recent epidemics and natural disasters
Context Assessment for Community Health (COACH) module e
N = 200
• Available resources,
• Community engagement,
• Monitoring services for action,
• Sources of knowledge,
• Commitment to work,
• Work culture,
• Leadership,
• Informal payment
  1. a Asset ownership will be used to estimate relative socio-economic status, using an asset index based on principal components analysis
  2. b Some health posts are served by the same health centre hence the exact samples size can’t be determined
  3. c All the health extension workers in each health post will be interviewed. Due to the varying numbers of workers in health posts, the exact sample size can’t be determined
  4. d We will interview one staff per sampled health centre
  5. e Conducted at endline survey only with one HEW in each health post