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Table 2 Descriptive statistics

From: The effect of primary care on potentially avoidable hospitalizations in France: a cross-sectional study

 OccitanieZone 1Zone 2
Mean (SD)Correlation with PAH rateMean (SD)Correlation with PAH rateMean (SD)Correlation with PAH rate
PAH rate (/1000/year)4.85 (1.59) 4.59 (1.40) 5.06 (1.71) 
Socio-economic and demographic data
 Income (Euros)18,712 (2194)− 0.03418,247 (2087)− 0.20219,102 (2208)0.023
 Single-parent families (%)8.4 (2.1)0.0169.4 (1.9)0.1287.7 (1.8)0.056
 Baccalaureate education level (%)40.6 (7.7)−0.12240.8 (7.3)−0.26840.4 (7.9)−0.027
 Workers (%)18.4 (5.5)0.10418.2 (4.1)0.15119.5 (5.6)0.08
 Unemployment (%)9.2 (2.8)−0.00711.1 (2.6)0.2777.7 (2.0)−0.04
 Isolated rural areas (%)25.7 (39.3)−0.0418.0 (34.8)−0.05132.2 (41.9)−0.079
 CMU-c recipients (%)8.1 (4.7)0.06210.4 (5.1)0.2846.1 (3.4)0.022
Health status
 Premature mortality (/100,000/year)185 (55)0.143198 (56)0.293174 (51)0.102
 Exemption for chronic disease (%)9.5 (2.3)0.0489.3 (2.1)0.2219.6 (2.5)−0.067
Primary care supply
 Density of GPs (/1000)10.4 (5.8)−0.0111 (5.7)0.0279.9 (5.9)−0.012
 Density of nurses (/1000)23.6 (11.2)−0.11427.1 (10.5)−0.01920.7 (11)−0.113
 Access to GPs69.7 (24.3)0.04673.7 (22.8)0.02766.2 (25.1)0.098
 Access to nurses135.7 (58.8)−0.076164.7 (60.9)−0.01111.3 (44.1)−0.008
 Access to physiotherapist76 (43.5)−0.04790.7 (46.8)0.02564 (36.2)−0.022
 Time to emergency department (min)17.6 (9.8)−0.00615.9 (9.3)−0.04619.1 (10)−0.022
 Time to group practice (min)38.2 (17.3)−0.00641.8 (15)0.09135.2 (18.4)−0.014
Primary care utilization
 At least 1 GP encounter1 (0.2)−0.0431.04 (0.26)0.0080.96 (0.13)− 0.045
 GP encounters (population)0.96 (0.17)−0.0191.01 (0.16)0.0230.93 (0.17)0.011
 GP encounters (patients)0.97 (0.10)0.0410.98 (0.1)0.0240.96 (0.09)0.076
 At least 1 nurse encounter1.17 (0.36)−0.0251.15 (0.34)0.0181.20 (0.37)−0.069
 Nurse encounters (population)0.91 (0.35)0.0011.09 (0.36)0.0680.76 (0.25)0.104
 Nurse encounters (patients)0.84 (0.41)−0.0031.03 (0.44)0.0350.68 (0.28)0.114
 At least 1 physiotherapist encounter0.94 (0.24)−0.0551.01 (0.23)−0.0280.88 (0.22)−0.002
 Physiotherapist encounters (population)0.90 (0.31)−0.0831.05 (0.31)−0.0390.77 (0.25)0.002
 Physiotherapist encounters (patients)0.94 (0.17)−0.0941.03 (0.17)−0.0250.87 (0.12)−0.019
 At least 1 dentist encounter0.96 (0.22)−0.0761.01 (0.25)−0.050.92 (0.19)−0.049
 Dentist encounters (population)0.94 (0.21)−0.0941.00 (0.21)−0.0790.89 (0.20)−0.044
 Dentist encounters (patients)0.98 (0.08)−0.051.00 (0.08)−0.0460.97 (0.07)−0.001
 At least 1 specialist encounter0.92 (0.21)−0.010.96 (0.18)0.0240.88 (0.24)0.014
 Specialist encounters (population)0.91 (0.30)0.0820.92 (0.23)0.110.89 (0.35)0.082
 Specialist encounters (patients)0.97 (0.18)0.1480.95 (0.14)0.1650.99 (0.20)0.122