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Table 6 The anxiety (Q2) expressed by the children on a scale of 1–5

From: Measuring patient experiences in a Children’s hospital with a medical clowning intervention: a case-control study

How anxious are you? (n, in brackets %)Intervention group (n = 38)Reference group (n = 32)
Before*After**Before*After**
None (1) or little (2)18 (47)36 (95)22 (69)28 (88)
Moderate (3)16 (42)1 (3)6 (19)3 (9)
Much (4) or very much (5)4 (11)1 (3)4 (13)1 (3)
Average2.531.372.251.41
STD1.01.11.10.9
Change1.160.84
  1. * The first survey questions were given to children when they had a meeting with the nurse or the doctor before entering the waiting room (see Fig. 1)
  2. ** Questions were asked after the child’s procedure and before the family went home