Skip to main content

Table 5 The most common emotions of children before and after the procedure (Q1)

From: Measuring patient experiences in a Children’s hospital with a medical clowning intervention: a case-control study

CategoryEmotion (n, in brackets %)Intervention group (n = 38)Reference group (n = 32)
BeforeaAfterbBeforeaAfterb
PositiveJoy6 (16)12 (32)7 (22)8 (25)
Fun3 (8)8 (21)2 (6)2 (6)
Content3 (8)5 (13)4 (13)6 (19)
Enthusiasm04 (11)1 (3)4 (13)
Total12 (32)29 (76)14 (44)20 (63)
NeutralConfusion6 (16)2 (5)5 (16)7 (22)
Boredom5 (13)4 (11)4 (13)3 (9)
Surprise3 (8)1 (3)01 (3)
Total14 (36)7 (19)9 (28)11 (34)
NegativeAnnoyance6 (16)2 (5)2 (6)0
Fear5 (13)06 (19)1 (3)
Anger1 (3)01 (3)0
Sadness0000
Total12 (32)2 (5)9 (28)1 (3)
  1. aThe first survey questions were given to children when they had a meeting with the nurse or the doctor before entering the waiting room (see Fig. 1)
  2. bQuestions were asked after the child’s procedure and before the family went home