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Table 10 Expectations of the parents towards the upcoming procedure and their feelings before and after the operation (n, in brackets %). The emotions listed were mentioned at least twice in the open feedback

From: Measuring patient experiences in a Children’s hospital with a medical clowning intervention: a case-control study

 Intervention groupReference groupTotal
Expectations towards the procedurean = 31n = 24n = 55
The procedure will go well12 (39%)8 (33%)20 (36%)
Get explicit diagnosis, get more information, get certainty7 (23%)11 (46%)18 (32%)
Relieve child’s symptoms, everyday life gets easier10 (32%)5 (21%)15 (27%)
Get guidelines for the treatment2 (7%)1 (4%)3 (5%)
Get positive news, nothing surprising is found1 (3%)2 (8%)3 (5%)
No expectations2 (7%)0 (0%)2 (4%)
Feelings about the upcoming procedurean = 37n = 30n = 67
Anxious16 (43%)15 (50%)31 (46%)
Calm and restful17 (46%)13 (43%)30 (45%)
Feel good, hopeful, content3 (8%)2 (7%)5 (7%)
Worried2 (5%)2 (7%)4 (4%)
Uncertain0 (0%)3 (10%)3 (4%)
Annoyed3 (8%)0 (0%)3 (4%)
Feelings after the procedurebn = 38n = 30n = 68
Relief24 (63%)23 (77%)47 (69%)
Pleased, happy11 (28%)5 (17%)16 (24%)
Anxious2 (5%)2 (7%)4 (6%)
Boredom2 (5%)1 (3%)3 (4%)
  1. aQuestions were asked after the parents had entered the Day Surgery Unit and given their consent to participate in the study
  2. bQuestions were asked after the child’s procedure and before the family went home