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Table 4 Logit regression model on reactions towards medical dispute (95% CI)

From: Violence against healthcare workers and other serious responses to medical disputes in China: surveys of patients at 12 public hospitals

 Model 1: Higher vs. Lower Level ResponseModel 2: Violence vs. Other Response
SociodemographicsOR95% CIOR95% CI
Female (ref: Male)0.988(0.881, 1.109)0.551*(0.339, 0.894)
Birth Year(Ref: 1949 or before)
 1950–19590.920(0.719, 1.176)0.571(0.164, 1.984)
 1960–19690.891(0.709, 1.120)0.839(0.295, 2.390)
 1970–19791.146(0.921, 1.425)1.139(0.448, 2.897)
 1980–19891.027(0.827, 1.277)1.242(0.509, 3.028)
 1990–19990.977(0.744, 1.283)0.958(0.343, 2.678)
Marital Status(Ref: unmarried)
 Married1.089(0.915, 1.296)0.890(0.473, 1.678)
Travel Distance Measure(Ref: Short-distance)
 Mid-distance0.852†(0.719, 1.010)(Not included)
 Long-distance0.833(0.662, 1.047)
Rural (ref: Urban)1.167*(1.027, 1.326)(Not included)
Education(Ref: <= Junior High)
 Senior High School or equivalent0.934(0.806, 1.084)(Not included)
 Junior College or Higher0.910(0.771, 1.074)
Unemployed (ref: employed)1.056(0.923, 1.209)(Not included)
Monthly Income (CNY)(Ref: 2,000 ~  2999)
  < 1000(Not included)1.905†(0.904, 4.017)
 1000 ~  19991.504(0.722, 3.134)
 3000 ~  49991.341(0.667, 2.697)
 5000 ~  99991.540(0.648, 3.658)
  > = 10,0003.712*(1.328, 10.381)
Experience
 First-time visitor (ref: non-1st-timer)1.004(0.876, 1.150)0.868(0.505, 1.490)
 Inpatient (ref: Outpatient)1.047(0.926, 1.185)0.780(0.926, 1.185)
Attitudes
 Satisfaction with Life1.066†(0.990, 1.148)1.404*(1.031, 1.911)
 Perceived Importance of Health(Not included)1.206(0.901, 1.616)
 Optimism Measure(Not included)0.908(0.648, 1.273)
Trust and Quality Scales
 WFPTS0.808***(0.720, 0.905)0.719(0.460, 1.123)
 ITS0.796**(0.678, 0.936)0.638(0.351, 1.159)
 SERVQUAL1.002(0.881, 1.139)0.675(0.421, 1.084)
  1. “†” p < .10, * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001. Certain variables were included in the multivariate regression regardless of their statistical significance in bivariate analysis. These variables are age, gender, marital status, a first-time visitor or not, inpatient or outpatient. Other covariates were “not included” if they were not statistically significant at 90% confidence level (p > = .10, as indicated in the table). The odds ratios (O.R.s) here are adjusted odds ratios (AORs), meaning that they are controlled for other predictors in the model