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Table 1 Profile of OVC

From: Understanding the association between caregiver sex and HIV infection among orphans and vulnerable children in Tanzania: learning from the USAID Kizazi Kipya project

Variable Number of OVC (n) Percent of OVC (%)
OVERALL 39,578 100.0
OVC HIV status
Negative 36,776 92.9
Positive 2802 7.1
Caregiver sex
 Female 29,401 74.3
 Male 10,177 25.7
Caregiver age group (in years)
 18—29 2280 5.8
 30—39 9283 23.5
 40—49 11,571 29.2
 50—59 6847 17.3
 60+ 9597 24.2
 Mean = 48.7, SD = 14.1, Median = 46, Min = 18, Max = 110
Caregiver marital status
 Married or living together 17,833 45.1
 Divorced or separated 5061 12.8
 Never married (single) 2584 6.5
 Widowed 14,100 35.6
Family size
 2–3 people 9440 23.9
 4–13 people 29,944 75.7
 ≥ 14 people 194 0.5
Caregiver mentally or physically disabled?
 No 37,967 95.9
 Yes 1611 4.1
OVC sex
 Female 20,304 51.3
 Male 19,274 48.7
OVC age group (in years)
 0—4 5217 13.2
 5—9 10,457 26.4
 10—14 12,261 31.0
 15—19 11,643 29.4
 Mean = 10.9, SD = 5.0. Median = 11, Min = 0, Max = 19
Caregiver HIV status
 Negative 21,818 55.1
 Positive 10,398 26.3
 Undisclosed 7362 18.6
Wealth Quintile
 Lowest (Q1) 10,842 27.4
 Second 5348 13.5
 Middle 6794 17.2
 Fourth 7575 19.1
 Highest (Q5) 9019 22.8
Caregiver education
 Never attended 7676 19.4
 Primary 30,569 77.2
 Secondary or higher 1333 3.4
OVC nutritional status (MUAC)
 Green (healthy) 23,156 58.5
 Yellow (moderately malnourished) 1416 3.4
 Red (severely malnourished) 144 0.4
 Unknown 14,862 37.6
Household member(s) has health insurance card
 Yes 5813 14.7
 No 33,765 85.3
Place of residence
 Rural 21,585 54.5
 Urban 17,993 45.5