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Table 3 Risk factors related to non-verbal and verbal aggression

From: Determinants of aggression against all health care workers in a large-sized university hospital

Risk factors Non-verbal aggressionVerbal aggression
NRRCI 95%P-valueNRRCI 95%P-value
Activity type during aggressionSupport activity for patients210.85[0.46–1.57]0.6981160.97[0.92–1.03]0.492
Professional team’s back-office activity141 681 
Assistance and patient care632.27[1.37–3.75]< 0.0011220.94[0.88–1.01]0.226
Time of aggressionMorning291.50[0.71–3.16]0.3921091.04[0.95–1.13]0.395
Afternoon422.00[0.97–4.12]0.0501211.01[0.92–1.11]1.00
Evening282.36[1.13–4.93]0.012670.99[0.89–1.10]1.00
Night71 401 
Season of aggressionJan-Mar171.02[0.55–1.90]1.00690.97[0.89–1.06]0.745
Apr-Jun642.64[1.63–4.27]< 0.0011080.97[0.90–1.05]0.573
Jul-Sep100.53[0.25–1.11]0.125911.05[0.99–1.11]0.171
Oct-Dec151 691 
Location of aggressionLocation in the presence of patients531.20[0.69–2.10]0.0011641.00[0.94–1.06]1.00
Communal location402.19[1.29–3.71]0.6051090.96[0.89–1.03]0.383
Other activity location131 641 
Consequences for victims of aggressionMedical and psychological treatment261.95[1.38–2.76]< 0.001320.81[0.68–0.95]< 0.001
Working interruption410.62[0.43–0.90]0.0161890.99[0.95–1.04]1.00
None391 1161 
Types of aggressorsaPatients853.83[2.49–5.90]< 0.0011640.93[0.88–0.98]0.005
Relatives160.21[0.13–0.33]< 0.0011611.09[1.04–1.15]< 0.001
Caregivers30.30[0.10–0.90]0.007301.00[0.91–1.09]1.00
Colleagues30.85[0.32–2.31]1.00121.06[1.04–1.09]1.00
  1. aSince each episode may involve multiple type of aggressors, for each attack RR is computed as: the incidental risk of being exposed to a specific aggressor against the exposition to all the other types of attacker