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Table 1 Mother and Household Demographics, Overall and in Four Statesa

From: Remuneration systems of community health workers in India and promoted maternal health outcomes: a cross-sectional study

 OverallAndhra PradeshChhattisgarhOdishaUttar Pradesh
House typeb
 Kuchcha1617 (48.56)140 (14.74)497 (62.61)655 (73.99)325 (40.19)
 Semi-Pucca1117 (31.37)73 (49.43)190 (23.2)96 (10.72)358 (44.58)
 Pucca720 (30.06)337 (35.83)122 (14.19)136 (15.29)125 (15.23)
Region
 Urban531 (14.63)234 (24.15)104 (12.12)60 (6.97)133 (16.1)
 Rural937 (26.87)252 (26.77)352 (44.61)254 (25.8)79 (10)
 Tribal1987 (58.5)464 (49.08)353 (43.27)573 (67.24)597 (73.9)
Caste/Tribe
 Scheduled Tribe886 (20.72)138 (17.48)297 (39.56)446 (53.21)5 (0.88)
 Scheduled Caste665 (20.98)160 (20.69)115 (14.1)118 (13.85)272 (38.06)
 Other Backward Caste1364 (42.06)433 (53.94)305 (39.56)285 (30.22)341 (48.19)
 Other Caste241 (7.24)70 (7.89)56 (6.781)25 (2.71)90 (12.87)
Sex of Index Child
 Male1743 (50.39)514 (54.35)408 (49.67)413 (47.04)408 (50.86)
 Female1712 (49.61)436 (45.65)401 (50.33)474 (52.96)401 (49.14)
Care Ratioc1.11 ± 0.010.77 ± 0.021.19 ± 0.031.18 ± 0.021.30 ± 0.03
(N = 3323)(N = 848)(N = 802)(N = 885)(N = 788)
Household Size5.06 ± 0.073.28 ± 0.055.87 ± 0.085.22 ± 0.065.80 ± 0.07
(N = 3454)(N = 950)(N = 809)(N = 887)(N = 808)
Religion of the Head of the Household
 Hindu3705 (89.2)840 (88.43)648 (80.74)856 (96.51)731 (90.37)
 Muslim126 (3.51)26 (2.65)26 (2.68)074 (9.25)
 Tribal136 (4.17)15 (1.75)112 (13.9)9 (1.26)0
 Others117 (3.12)69 (7.17)23 (2.68)22 (2.23)3 (0.39)
Highest Education Completed by any Adult in the Householdd
 None1161 (26.06)267 (28.99)150 (18.37)257 (30.5)208 (25.87)
 1–4 years157 (4.72)20 (2.13)39 (4.78)81 (9.33)17 (2.10)
 5–10 years1684 (48.79)425 (44.55)437 (54.38)412 (45.91)410 (50.69)
 11–12 years340 (9.57)100 (10.06)97 (12.09)61 (6.34)82 (10.14)
 13+ years392 (10.87)138 (14.26)86 (10.38)76 (7.92)92 (11.21)
Age of Mother25.32 ± 0.0924.12 ± 0.1024.59 ± 0.1425.97 ± 0.1526.55 ± 0.15
(N = 3455)(N = 950)(N = 809)(N = 887)(N = 809)
Mother’s Paid Employment Statuse
 No1653 (46.8)445 (46.12)366 (44.19)507 (54.91)335 (40.97)
 Yes1800 (53.2)505 (53.88)443 (55.81)379 (45.09)473 (59.03)
  1. a. The data are shown as N (%) except care ratio, household size, and age of the mother presented as Mean ± SE
  2. b. House types defined as Pucca house, Semi-Pucca house and Kuchcha house. A pucca house is made with high quality materials, including roofs, floors, and walls. A kuchcha house is made with low quality materials such as mud and thatch
  3. c. Care ratio is the number of children under 5 years of age divided by the number of adult females in the household
  4. d. An adult defined as a person aged 16 or older