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Table 3 Associations between patients’ opinion of the booklet and low back pain characteristics

From: Transcultural adaption and preliminary evaluation of “understanding low back pain” patient education booklet

Total n = 128Agree % (n)Unsure % (n)Disagree % (n)p-value
a) I believe that the booklet is useful for my understanding of LBP.
All patients46 (59)29 (37)25 (32) 
Frequent LBPa Yes57 (37)25 (16)18 (12)0.040*
Frequent LBPa No35 (22)33 (21)32 (20) 
High intensity of LBPb Yes45 (24)34 (18)21 (11)0.48
High intensity of LBPb No47 (35)25 (19)28 (21) 
b) I believe that the booklet will enhance my recovery.
 All patients31 (39)31 (40)38 (49) 
 Frequent LBPa Yes34 (22)34 (22)32 (21)0.37
 Frequent LBPa No27 (17)28 (18)44 (28) 
 High intensity of LBPb Yes32 (17)34 (18)34 (18)0.69
 High intensity of LBPb No29 (22)29 (22)41 (31) 
c) The booklet reduced my fears related to LBP.
 All patients34 (44)31 (40)34 (44) 
 Frequent LBPa Yes45 (29)28 (18)28 (18)0.043*
 Frequent LBPa No24 (15)35 (22)41 (26) 
 High intensity of LBPb Yes36(19)32 (17)32 (17)0.90
 High intensity of LBPb No33 (25)31 (23)36 (27) 
d) After reading the booklet, I feel safer to be physically active.
 All patients37 (47)35 (45)28 (36) 
 Frequent LBPa Yes42 (27)38 (25)20.0 (13)0.11
 Frequent LBPa No32 (20)32 (20)36 (23) 
 High intensity of LBPb Yes36 (19)40 (21)24 (13)0.62
 High intensity of LBPb No37 (28)32 (24)31 (23) 
e) The booklet is/was not useful for me at all.
 All patients22 (28)27 (35)51 (65) 
 Frequent LBPa Yes14 (9)25 (16)62 (40)0.027*
 Frequent LBPa No30 (19)30 (19)40 (25) 
 High intensity of LBPb Yes19 (10)34 (18)47 (25)0.36
 High intensity of LBPb No24 (18)23 (17)53 (40) 
  1. Table 3 describes the association of pain characters and patients’ opinion for likert-scale questions related to the booklet. In all, 65 had frequent LBP and 53 had high intensity of LBP (missing pain data n = 8). P-values (*=significant) refer to the Chi-square test when comparing responses between patients with frequent (Yes vs. No) and high intensity (Yes vs. No) of LBP.
  2. aFrequent LBP was defined as having pain half of days or more often during past 3 months
  3. b High intensity of LBP during past week was defined as 6 or more on 11 point-scale Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), where 0 = no pain and 10 = worst possible pain