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Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample of socially insured employees, as specified by migrant background (n=6303)

From: Utilisation of rehabilitation services for non-migrant and migrant groups of higher working age in Germany – results of the lidA cohort study

 Non-EMB (n=5153)G1 EMB (n=699)G2 EMB (n= 451)p-valuea
Utilisation of rehabilitation services [n (%)], m=3
 None4485 (87.1)617 (88.3)390 (86.5)0.612b
 Yes665 (12.9)82 (11.7)61 (13.5) 
  Inpatient440 (8.5)66 (9.4)43 (9.5)0.109c
  Outpatient225 (4.4)16 (2.3)19 (4.0) 
Year of birth 1959 [n (%)]2291 (44.5)292 (41.8)188 (41.7)0.244
Female sex [n (%)]2743 (53.2)345 (49.4)255 (56.5)0.047*
Occupational class [n (%)], m=63
 Highly qualified1001 (19.6)77 (11.2)89 (19.9) 
 Qualified2238 (43.9)189 (27.4)194 (43.3)< 0.001***
 Un-/semi-skilled1863 (36.5)424 (61.4)165 (36.8) 
Low quality of leadership [n (%)], m=4721479 (31.0)194 (30.4)139 (33.3)0.558
High work-privacy conflict [n (%)], m=631182 (23.1)155 (22.6)103 (23.1)0.944
Low influence at work [n (%)], m=10582430 (55.7)313 (62.4)202 (53.0)0.008**
Work stress, ERI [Mdn (IQR)], m=12380.45 (0.25)0.44 (0.24)0.46 (0.24)0.758d
Exposed to physical environmental factors [n (%)], m=31417 (27.5)272 (39.0)137 (30.4)< 0.001***
Exposed to physical burdensome factors [n (%)], m=31613 (31.3)263 (37.7)139 (30.8)0.003**
Poor self-rated health [n (%)]2292 (44.5)350 (50.1)213 (47.2)0.014*
Home language mostly German [n (%)]5147 (99.9)445 (63.6)448 (99.4)< 0.001***
  1. m number of missing values due to respondents not responding to the item, Mdn median, IQR interquartile range; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. atested with Chi2-test if not otherwise specified
  3. btesting dichotomous variable of utilisation of rehabilitation (yes/no)
  4. ctesting trichotomous variable of utilisation of rehabilitation (no/inpatient/outpatient)
  5. dtested with Kruskal-Wallis test