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Table 2 Study purpose, theoretical perspective, and quality evaluation results

From: Working with patients suffering from chronic diseases can be a balancing act for health care professionals - a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies

Study (author, year of publication and country (reference))Purpose of the papersThe stated theoretical or philosophical perspectiveQuality evaluation
No. fulfilled items (No. cannot tell)
1Noor Abdulhadi et al. (2013), Oman [21]To explore primary health care providers’ experiences working with patients with type 2 diabetes, and their suggestions and preferences regarding future improvements in diabetes careNot stated9 (2)
2Boström et al. (2012), Sweden [22]To explore diabetes specialist nurses’ perceptions of their professional role in diabetes careNot stated9 (2)
3Brown, Bain, Broderick and Sully (2013), Australia [23]To identify patterns and themes in how renal nurses and two other nursing specialists engage with patients’ emotional expressions, express their own emotions, and access and provide support for emotional expenditureConservation of resources (COR) theory, (Hobfoll, 1989)9 (2)
4Craven, Simons and de Groot (2019), USA [24]To conduct a qualitative exploration of the emotional experiences of healthcare providers engaged in diabetes medical care and describe and understand the unique features of burn-out, as experienced by diabetes providersNot stated10 (1)
5Crawford (2010), UK [25]To explore HCPs’ level of awareness around COPD patients’ concerns regarding end of life carePhenomenology11 (0)
6Crowshoe et al. (2018), Canada [26]To describe Canadian physicians’ perspectives on diabetes care of indigenous patientsNot stated9 (2)
7Huber et al. (2011), Switzerland [27]To explore nurses’ perspectives on diabetes care in nursing homes and home health care services, and to describe the existing level of diabetes care in these settingNot stated8 (3)
8Kim et al. (2016), Korea [28]To understand the lived experience of nurses who care for people undergoing maintenance hemodialysisPhenomenology; theory of caring (Swanson,1991)10 (1)
9Matthews and Trenoweth (2015), UK [29]To explore nurses’ interpretation of the needs of people with long-term conditions, and their perceptions of subsequent nursing in a renal serviceNot stated (self-management?)6 (5)
10Pooley, Highfield and Neal (2015), UK [30]To explore the experience of consultant nephrologists in the long-term doctor–patient relationshipNot stated (phenomenology?)9 (2)
11Risør et al. (2013), Norway, Germany, Poland, Wales, Russia, the Netherlands, and China (Hong Kong) [31]To explore the reasoning of GPs and respiratory physicians when managing patients with COPD exacerbations in clinical encountersGrounded theory9 (2)
12Stuij (2018), the Netherlands [32]To gain in-depth insight into experiences of health care professionals regarding the delivery of physical activity counseling to patients with type 2 diabetesNot stated10 (1)
13Svenningsson, Hallberg and Gedda (2011), Sweden [33]To generate a theory grounded in empirical data derived from a deeper understanding of health care professionals’ main concerns when they consult with individuals with both diabetes and obesity and how they handle these concernsGrounded theory (Glaser and Strauss,1967)11 (0)
14Tam-Tham et al. 2016, Canada [34]To describe barriers, facilitators, and strategies to enhance conservative, non-dialysis CKD care by primary care community physicians working with stage-5 CKD patientsNot stated;
COREQ as reporting framework
9 (2)
15Tierney et al. (2017), UK [35]To explore compassionate care from the perspective of HCPs working with type 2 diabetesCompassionate care; grounded theory; constructivism10 (1)
16Tonkin-Crine et al. (2015), UK [36]To explore GPs’ views on managing patients with advanced CKD and their referral to secondary care.Not stated10 (1)
17Walker, Abel, and Meyer (2012), New-Zealand [37]To describe and discuss what the majority of New Zealand pre-dialysis nurses believe influences their ability to provide effective patient careNot stated (descriptive exploratory approach)9 (2)
18Wens et al. (2005), Belgium [38](1) To elicit problems physicians encounter with type 2 diabetes patients’ adherence to treatment recommendations; (2) to search for solutions (3); to discover escape mechanisms in case of frustrationNot stated9 (2)
19Wollny et al. (2018) Germany [39]To reveal GPs’ attitudes of towards type 2 diabetes patients with poor metabolic controlNot stated10 (1)
20Zakrisson and Hägglund (2010), Sweden [40]To describe asthma/COPD nurses’ experience with educating patients with COPD in primary health careThe concept of enablement; the transtheoretical model (TTM)10 (1)
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